Lilium candidum, is most effective grown in clumps, with Funkias or Japanese Iris around the outside of the clump. Group it in the main beds near a path; or if you have a good location with a tall hedge for a background it will be well shown off against it. The bulbs should be divided and reset every three years, and the best time to do this is just after the flowers have faded and not when the leaves and stalks begin to turn yellow later on. Lilium Philadelphicum is a lower growing Lily of a reddish colour that should be planted in the shade of some other plants, overhanging the edging. It blooms early and does not last very long, but it is hardy and easy to grow.
Lilium auratum, the large, showy Lily of Japan seems to be very hard to bring into bloom successfully, but it makes such a grand exhibition that a few of the large-sized bulbs should be planted every year. Grow this Lily in clumps of three or four set rather formally around the circular path in the Court of Honour. The bulbs are very delicate and deteriorate quickly, so that only a very small proportion succeed. The best plan is to plant Auratums in pots in the Fall, and winter them in the cold frame, setting them out in the garden the end of May or the first of June. A dozen of these plants will give you flowers for eight or ten weeks, and they are as interesting in their way as the Japanese Iris. It is impossible to establish this Lily in the garden, for a clump will grow beautifully less for a year or so and then disappear. Good bulbs are expensive, but there is nothing to equal them in the Lily world.
Lilium umbellatum is very effective grown in front of tall Larkspurs or among Campanula pyramidalis or rotundifolia. It is used extensively in English gardens and is combined with Monkshood, although one is pretty sure to find Delphiniums in its neighbourhood. Plant clumps of Umbellatum well in from the paths but do not have too much of it.
Lilium longiflorum is the white Japanese Lily that is better known under the name of Easter or Ber- muda. It is perfectly hardy, but if you use can-didum you might omit longiflorum, as you should not have too many white Lilies in the garden. Lilium speciosum var. Melpomene is a beautiful pink Lily that is easily grown. It blooms later than longiflorum and is good to succeed it, if you are particularly fond of Lilies. Plant two clumps in corners by the hedge, as it will look better with such a background and needs the shelter. Lilium Can-adense is the yellowish Canadian Lily that belongs to the Martagon or Turncap family. The petals are the least turned back of any in the group, and the flowers are borne in clusters on the ends of gracefully drooping stems. It is perfectly hardy and may easily be established, but it is not as showy as the Lilies that have been described above.
Lilium tigrinum is the familiar Tiger Lily introduced from China over a hundred years ago. It blooms later than any of the Lilies, except some of the late Auratums, and is the chief attraction of the cottage yards in New York and New England in August and September, with its turned caps of orange-red, and black spots and stems. It is perfectly hardy and can be established without any trouble whatever. It is good to have in the garden on account of the lateness of its bloom, and should be planted amid Hemerocallis fulva and flava to hide the bareness of these plants when their flowers have past and their foliage is inclined to shabbiness.