Pansies should be started in July, and if early-flowering plants are wanted they should be win-tered in a frame. Otherwise they may be wintered in the open ground if a good covering of litter and straw is given. Set them firmly and deeply in the ground. If Pansies are placed in partial shade and kept well picked off they will bloom all Summer. One of the most attractive strains is Trimardean Giant; the plants are vigorous and the flowers borne on long stems; colours delicate, blotched and shaded, with many clarets, browns, and blues of alluring shades.