Mosella; white. Paquerette; white. Cecille Brunner; salmon.
Nearly all of them are good, and some have particular qualities to recommend them which the grower will not be slow to appreciate. Half the space at least should be given over to the Hardy Perpet-uals, for although their blooming season is comparatively short it is an eventful one, and to many people these Roses are the crowning glory of June. To have a country place and not to be able to revel in Roses is very much like inheriting a fortune, and dying of starvation. The list that follows includes most of the perpetuals that are worth growing:
Alfred Colsomb; crimson.
Captain Hayward; crimson.
Captain Christy; (Tea, but used as a perpetual as it only blooms once); pink and white.
Clio; light rose pink.
Comptesse Cecille de Chabrillant; deep pink.
Francois Levet; cherry-red.
Francois Michelon; carmine.
Gloire Lyonnaise (like a Tea Rose in form and perfume); yellowish white.
Heinrich Schultheis; pinkish-rose.
Helen Keller; cherry-red.
John Hopper; rose.
Lady Helen Stewart; scarlet.
La Reine; rose.
Mabel Morrison; white, tinged with pink; odourless.
S. M. Rodocanachi; light pink.
Madame Gabriel Luizet; pink.
Marchioness of Londonderry; white.
Margaret Dickson; white.
Marguerite de St. Amande; rose.
Marshall P. Wilder; cherry-red.
Mrs. R. G. Sharman Crawford; pink.
Oskar Cordel; carmine.
Paul's Early Blush; light blush pink.
Pierre Notting; maroon.
Rev. Alan Cheales; lake.
Vick's Caprice; pink.
Soleil d'or; yellow.
Frau Karl Druschki; whitest of all; a most exquisite Rose.
Baroness Rothschild; pink; odourless.
Mme. N. Levavasseur; Baby Crimson Rambler; odourless.
Climbing Roses if they are well placed are a great addition to the grounds; but as they are just as susceptible to disease and to insects as the other Roses, and the positions in which they are used are generally conspicuous ones, they should be carefully looked after or they will prove to be eye-sores rather than ornaments. Their inaccessibility makes them hard to reach with the spray and duster, and often they are allowed to take care of themselves, with the result that by the middle of June they look as if a sirocco of the desert had breathed upon them and withered them up. When trained against the walls of a building, or in the shelter of a porch, they seem to be more unhealthy than anywhere else; the larvae of the insects and their eggs are more effectively protected than the vines. If you have Roses on the house cut them back frequently, so that you can reach them without too much toil or trouble.
Unless the garden is a large one it would be better not to have a Rose arbour in it; keep this for the Rose garden where it will look more appropriate. If your garden is fenced in, however, train a few Roses over the pickets; a Crimson Rambler perhaps, because it is the fashion, but surely a Dorothy Perkins, a hybrid Wichuriana bearing a double pink blossom of good size. It grows very rapidly and its foliage is tough and clean and of a dark green colour. Let the Rambler climb on one of the posts, and prune it so that it will make a good head; or train it over the arch at the entrance to the garden. On another post have a Dawson, a vigorous, climbing white Rose that is hard to restrain; lead it along the pickets of the fence and let it drop over on the other side, out of sight of the garden. Do not cover up the pickets entirely, for they have their place in the general plan and should not be hidden. If there are brick piers in the four corners of the garden put a Crimson Rambler on one and let it fall lightly over the hedge, or run along the top of it.
On another put a Dorothy Perkins, and on a third you might train Baltimore Belle or Prairie Queen, very quick-growing Roses that were much used in the old gardens, and that bear Rose-coloured, or white double flowers of a rather old-fashioned mien. These were bred from the Prairie Rose (Rosa setegira) and are about the only Roses of American origin that we have, not very brilliant examples to be sure, but valuable on account of their associations. They were introduced about the year 1830. They art very hardy and vigorous and should be pruned into shape, or else they will sprawl over everything within reach in an awkward manner.
Dawson Rose on a Pear Tree.
A good place for a Crimson Rambler is in an old Cedar tree, where it will show to good advantage when in bloom and may be forgotten afterwards; there is nothing particularly beautiful in its habits. This Rose has been used so much that it is becoming tiresome. It is certainly very handsome when in flower, but the blossoms have no perfume, and its clusters have an artificial look like those made of linen which one sees in a woman's hat. Its lack of fragrance is a great drawback, for if we expect a thorn with every Rose we certainly expect a delightful perfume also. It is so gaudy that it is tropical in its effect, and if there are many Ramblers on a small place the grounds will look bare when the bloom has passed, just as the night seems darker after a flash of lightning. It is too brilliant for the flower garden as it outshines the other flowers and casts a sickly glow over the more modest blooms. Grow it in the Rose garden if you will, or the kitchen garden, or somewhere that you will have to go around the corner to see it.
The other Ramblers, Pink, White and Yellow, have never been so popular, probably because they have been dwarfed in brilliance by their more flashy sister, but they are less obtrusive and would be better to use in the garden.
If you have a Rose arbour, either in the garden or Rose garden, construct it as lightly as possible and make it inconspicuous. The vines will look better if they appear to support themselves and to form the arch involuntarily. For the posts use two-by-threes, and turn the arches with boards seven-eighths of an inch in thickness, made as light otherwise as will be consistent with strength. The pieces that are nailed on the sides and across the arches should be of the thickness of laths, and no more of them should be used than will be necessary to hold up the vines. Paint the posts green and the upper work white; or all white or all green if your taste will be better satisfied. Do not use Cedar poles and posts, or try to get a rustic effect, for that is most inconsistent. One does not find Roses growing in the midst of a forest. Heavy pergolas with stone or brick columns, or in the Italian style, should not be used on small grounds or near a small garden; they detract from the interest of the Roses, and are clumsy and altogether inappropriate.
Good Roses for the arbour are: Evergreen Gem, a cross between Wichuriana and Mme. Hoste; a very fast grower with tough, sweet-scented foliage that is quite free from insects, with a double yellow flower changing to white, and perfectly hardy; Jersey Beauty (Wichuriana and Perle de Jardins), a single yellow Rose of equal vigour, with thick, shiny foliage; and Gardenia, a plant obtained from the same cross, bearing a cream-coloured blossom whose petals incurve and resemble the Cape Jessamine. These Roses are of comparatively recent introduction, but as far as I can find out they do not live up to their evergreen reputation, although they are very beautiful and doubly attractive on account of their healthy foliage, which is of the greatest importance in work of this sort.
Two Wichuriana Roses that may be added to the above list are Manda's Triumph and Pink Roamer.
Do not cover the Rose arbour entirely with Roses. At one end plant a Trumpet Vine, but be sure that it is Bignonia grandiflora not radi-cans. The latter is the quick-growing sort that bears a poorly shaped trumpet blossom of a rather deep red colour, and does not compare with grandi-flora whose bloom is borne in great graceful clusters, and is not only unusual in shape but of a most exquisite colour, orange-red, the ends of the trumpets orange. This vine comes into bloom in July shortly after the Roses are done blooming, and the flowers on the clusters open gradually; the bloom is continued profusely for three weeks. This is one of the most beautiful vines, and it may well be used on a pier or post in the flower garden, or trained over an arch.
On alternate posts of the arbour plant Honeysuckle, the ordinary Honeysuckle that grows so rampantly and bears so well its sweet-scented flowers throughout the season. It is absolutely hardy and may be depended upon to flourish and bloom when everything else fails. It will not interfere with the Roses if kept in hand, for they may be trained over it and on it and through it, and it will make a good background for them. Its leaves, which are almost evergreen and disappear for not more than three months in the year, will furnish the arbour luxuriantly throughout the season so that it will present an attractive appearance. Roses will come and blossom and depart but the Honeysuckles will go on forever, cheerful, sweet-scented, an eminently satisfactory possession.
White Rambler on an Apple Tree.
On a small arbour do not use more than one Crimson Rambler, the other Roses should have places; Baltimore Belle and the Wichurianas.