The Perpetual Roses that have been described are quite able to withstand the hardest Winter in the latitude of New York, and there is no necessity for providing straw wrappers for them, or for laying them down and covering them up with straw or leaves. A good mulch of coarse manure mixed with long straw is all they need, with some cow manure spaded in lightly in the Spring. Thereafter the ground about their roots and between the plants should be kept loosened with a hoe until the Roses have bloomed; after which time once every two weeks will suffice for cultivation. If you wish to have healthy plants and good flowers, the ground must be kept loose and fine.

The Roses in the flower garden need not be pruned back so vigorously as those that are grown for specimen blooms. The idea in the garden is to make attractive looking bushes that will be covered in due season with flowers. Cut back the plants in the Spring to the height of one or one and a half feet, leaving the thick shoots the longest, and removing all of the dead wood.