Virginia Creeper (Ampelopsis Virginica) is one of the best vines with which to cover an old stone wall, or to use on stone work of any kind; to grow over rocks and to cover the stumps of trees. It will turn brilliant red in September, on time to the minute each year, whether Jack Frost turns up or not. One or two of these vines might be used on the garden fence. It may be transplanted with impunity from the woods any time of the year.

The best vine for the house is Wistaria; purple and white. In time it will grow to be part of the house and its gnarled, tree-like trunk is most picturesque with its arms stretched about the walls in a loving embrace. Train it in the way that it should go, and keep it away from windows and doors. It is a good vine for the porch. The purple is the better, for the white is too intense, too funereal, with its drooping clusters weeping with exactness from the canopy of leaves. This vine is a little too heavy for a small garden unless there should be an old wall in it, along which it might be trained with good effect.

The best vines to use in the flower garden on piers, arches, posts or fences, are:

Roses

Dorothy Perkins Dawson Evergreen Gem

Queen of the Prairies Baltimore Belle Gardenia

Crimson Rambler

Other Vines blgnonia grandiflora Virginia Creeper

Clematis Paniculata Clematis Jackmanni

Common Honeysuckle

Local variety of English Ivy on brick piers or wall.

For the Rose Arbour

Baltimore Belle Queen of the Prairies Crimson Rambler

Dawson

Wichuriana Hybrids blgnonia grandiflora

Honeysuckle

For the House

Wistarias

Variety of English Ivy grow, and they are quite expensive, so that all things considered the beginner would do well to forego the doubtful pleasure of seeing them in his garden.

Roses grown as standards are of very formal appearance and should be used only in large, formal arrangements. On small grounds they present a serio-comic appearance that is generally pathetic. They may be placed in the Rose garden, however, for there they will not be so conspicuous and their stiff ungracefulness will be neutralized by the other Roses. They are very disappointing and hard to

Virginia Creeper 84

In England Roses are used for hedges; but in the northern parts of the United States they are rarely planted for this purpose. So-called hedges have been made of Crimson Rambler, but as its chief beauty is in blooming time and its appearance in other seasons is not tempting, few people have undertaken the task of raising it in this form. On some large estates where there is a skilled gardener it might be tried for a sensational effect.

A very good hedge may be made of Rosa Rugosa, which might be planted along the path leading to the Rose garden; in fact in such a position it would be very appropriate. It should be kept low and pruned carefully to encourage the bottom growth, for the chief beauty in a hedge is its wall-like effect, and unless this is obtained it is.more or less of a failure.

Roses look better with some sort of background, and the best setting for them is evergreen trees. In England Yew and Holly are used, and the Roses allowed to clamber up into the branches and festoon themselves against the dark foliage. In this country, Arbor Vita3, Hemlock and Spruce are the best trees for the purpose and they afford a good wind-break. It would be well to use Pin Oak in combination with them, and not to plant too many Norway Spruces as they are extremely heavy and coarse. Arbor Vita3 occidentalis and pyramidalis will give the best effect.

On page 261 there is a plan of a Rose garden. It is enclosed by a Privet hedge, and a ribbon parterre has been introduced into it for the sake of a little variety. This is formed by Box edging, although turf may be used instead. Turf is a bother to keep nicely trimmed and it will get shabby. The idea is to use the bed for bulbs in the Spring, - Hyacinths, or Narcissi or Tulips, - when a little colour in the Rose garden is not unwelcome. When these have ripened they should be removed and some flowering plants put in instead. Snapdragon is very good for this purpose as it blooms well through the Summer and its foliage is graceful and a good green. If the idea of this ribbon bed is not fancied, a square or round one may be used in its place and Roses planted in it; some small Rose like Clothilde Soupert or Gruss an Teplitz. The garden as planned has a terrace at each end; but these may be eliminated and the beds laid out on the same level as the main garden. The terraces should be planted with ever-blooming Roses.