(Ancient Greek Name)

Compositae. Perennial herbs of wide distribution, some of which are planted in the open for ornament.

Flowers paniculate or corymbose, the florets all hermaphrodite, with white, flesh-colored, or orange, exclusively tubular corollas, each of the 5 lobes with a midnerve: achenes glabrous: leaves petioled, alternate. The genus is by some considered as a section of Senecio, differing in never having ray-flowers - Species about 40, about one-fourth Asian and the remainder mostly American. They need protection in the North.


Mill. A slender rather attractive perennial, with alternate,, widely separated leaves half clasping the stem: flowers orange-yellow, in heads about 1/2 in. diam., corymbose. stem Helena; perhaps hot a true cacalia.

C. Aurea And C. Lutea Of .gardens May Be Emilia

C. coccinea, Sims=Emilia. N. Taylor.†


(Cacalia-like). Compositae. Perennial, for garden planting.

Heads discoid, very many-flowered of perfect yellow florets; corolla rather deeply 5-cleft, the lobes lanceolate: leaves palmate. - One species, little known in cultivation

Nardosmia, Gray. Stout, 1-2 ft. high, loose, woolly, but becoming nearly glabrous: leaves nearly all radical, not unlike those of Petasites palmata, long-stalked, 5-9-cleft or very rarely parted, the lobes dentate or cut: heads an inch high, in a loose cluster at the summit of the nearly naked stem, fragrant. Pine woods, Calif, to Wash. - Intro, by Gillett in 1881 as a border plant.

Cacao, Cocoa

: Theobroma.


: Kaempferia.


(Arabic Name, Kadi)

Leguminosae, tribe Sophareae. Small evergeen shrubs of Arabia and Africa, remarkable for their regular mallow-like flowers. Leaves pinnate: flowers axillary, mostly solitary, drooping; stamens 10, free, shorter than the petals: pod linear, acuminate, flattened, leathery. - Four species.

Can be grown outdoors in Calif, or S. Fla.; in the N. in the temperate house. Prop, by seeds and cuttings.


Forsk. (C. varia, L'Her.). A small shrub, the branches woody: leaflets 20-40 pairs, very narrow, almost sessile: flowers bell-shaped, pedunculate, rose-red, the corolla about 1-1 1/2 in- long and very veiny, not spiny. Arabia.

C. Ellisiana, Baker, has few large leaflets and rose-colored flowers Madagascar. B.M. 6685. - C. pubescens, Bojer. leaflets 8-10 pairs, broad-oblong. Madagascar. N. Taylor †


: Attalea Cohune. Cailliea: Dichrostachys.


: Blumenbachia


: Crescentia

Calabash Gourd

: Lagenaria.


(Greek, Calamos, A Reed, And Agrostis, A Grass)

Syn. Deyeuxia. Gramineae. Usually tall or reed-like perennials bearing rootstocks. Including hay grasses and a few more or less ornamental species.

Spikelets 1-flowered, the rachilla prolonged behind the palea as a usually hairy pedicel; lemma hairy on the callus, awned from the back. - Species about 120, distributed throughout the world in temperate and arctic regions, usually in damp or swampy soil. The species are often valuable native forage grasses. One species, C. canadensis, Beauy., is a source of an excellent quality of native hay in the northwestern states, where it is called blue-joint. Another species, C. stricta, Beauy., native of the northern states, is sometimes cult, in a variegated form as an ornamental.

C. brevipilis = Calamovilfa brevipilis. a. s. Hitchcock. Calamint, Calamintha: Satureia.