(Greek, Calamos, A Reed, And Vilfa, A Kind Of Grass)

Gramineae. Purple Bent-Grass. A group differing from Calamagrostis in having awnless spikelets and no prolongation of the rachilla. Species 3, in S. E. U. S. C. brevipilis, Hack., is cult, as an ornamental grass. This is a stout, tufted grass, 2-4 ft., with short, horizontal rootstocks, pyramidal purplish panicle 4-8 in. Sandy swamps in pine-barrens, N. J. to N. C. Dept. Agric, Div. Agros. 7:156; 20:84.

A. S. Hitchcock.


: Eccremocarpus.

Calamus Or Sweet Flag

: Acorus Calamus


: Kalanchoe.

Calico Bush

: Kalmia.

California Poppy

: Eschscholtzia.

California Yellow Bells

: Emmenanthe Penduliflora.


: Calliphruria.


(Greek, beautiful flower). Ra-lunculacex. Two or 3 little herbs of the mountains of Eu. and Cent. Asia, allied to Anemone, sometimes mentioned for outdoor planting. Leaves radical [very small or none on the stem), decompound: flowers terminal, white or rose-color; sepals 5, deciduous; petals 5-15, showy, with nectaries at the base. The species apparently intergrade. C. anemonoides, Endl. Three to 10 in. high, blooming in spring: leaves as broad as long, triangular in outline, bipinnatifid: flowers 1 1/2 in. or less across; sepals broad; petals narrow: rhizome somewhat fleshy. Tyrol. Useful in rockwork.


: Layia.


: Coreopsis.


: Brodiaea.


(Greek, beautiful and butterfly). Amaryllidaceae. Three bulbous plants from Ecuador and Peru, the leaves produced after the yellow or greenish yellow flowers, probably not in the horticultural trade. Leaves thin, oblong and stalked: flowers many in an umbel on a hollow peduncle or scape; perianth funnelform with short tube, the segments all equal and oblanceolate to oblong; stamens 6, much exserted, attached at the throat: fruit a deeply 3-lobed caps., with many seeds. They require the general treatment given amaryllis. C. mirabilis, Baker, has an oblong bulb 2 in. diam.: leaves 1 or 2, blade 5 or 6 in. broad: peduncle 2-3 ft.; flowers greenish yellow, about 30 in a dense umbel; stamens three times as long as perianth and widely spreading. July, Aug. C. aurantiaca, Baker, has an ovoid bulb 1 in. diam.: leaves few: peduncle 1 1/2 - 2 ft.; flowers bright yellow, 6-8 in the umbel; stamens green, twice the length of perianth. Autumn and winter. B.M. 6841.

L. H. B


(Greek, beautiful fern). Polypodiaceae. Ferns allied to Asplenium and Diplazium, with elongate sori formed on both sides of the veins, and the veins uniting to form meshes or areoles. - Some 15 species are known from the warmer parts of both hemispheres.

The following is the only one in cultivation Culture the same as for tropical aspleniums.


Bory (Asplenium decussatum, Swartz). Leaves 3-6 ft. long, the stalks 1-2 ft. long, the pinnae numerous, 6-12 in. long, 1-2 in. wide, with deeply crenate margins and frequently with bulblets in the axils; veins pinnate, with the branches of contiguous veins uniting. Polynesia and Malaya.

L. M. Underwood.