This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
Habit strong, but neat and graceful, branching and forming numerous growths: growths bearing from 2-7 leaves, and 1-4 ft. high; blade broadly ovate, acute or obtuse, 6-12 in. long, rich light velvety green along the margin and midrib and with a row on either side of the midrib of dark irregular blotches of olive-green, under side soft grayish green; petiole erect, slender; sheath, extending to half the length of the petiole, and covered with soft hairs, upper part terete: with the exception of the sheathing lower half of the If . - stalks, the whole plant is glabrous. Peru. - One of the commonest species in cult, and of very easy culture. A useful and decorative pot-plant.
Leaves soft-hairy below, broad-oval, rather blunt, 7-9 in. long, 4-6 in. broad, upper surface light green, and below, in the common form, whitish green and lighter zones shown, as on the upper surface,-or in another form, which has been distributed in gardens as C. (Maranta) Marcellii, under side shaded a light violet and without zones. Brazil. A.F. 7:611. - Allied to C. Veitchiana, but has bracts with indurated tips rather than membranaceous.
cc. Under side of leaves violet, purple, or suffused with red.
Habit dwarf, spreading, less than a foot high: growths bearing 2-5 leaves, erect or spreading; blade oblique, elliptic, undulate, acute, 4-9 in. long, glabrous, upper side dark green feathered on either side of the midrib with a band of pale yellowish green, under side dull green suffused with light purple-red: infloresence a few-flowered terminal spike; peduncle 3-4 in. long, pale green; floral bracts half reflexed outwards, orbicular or broadly ovate, 3/4in. long; bracteoles 4-6, white, scarious; flowers in pairs, pure white; sepals half the length of the tube; petals lanceolate, 1/2in. long, tube 2/3in. long; 2 petaloid stamens slightly longer than the petals, obovate, fertile stamen hooded and curved over the stigma; style and stigma short curved, white.
One to 4 ft.: leaves broad-oblong, obtuse or somewhat short-pointed, the stalks red, the If. olive-green or cream-colored above but marked against the midrib with outspreading, dark green blotches of oblong, oval or pyriform shape, the under surface similarly marked, but in red. Brazil. F.S. 20:2048-9. G.C. 1872:1589. Gn. 4, p. 87.
Habit dwarf; blade elliptic, acute, glabrous, upper side bright green, with oblong acute bars of dark olive-green, alternate long and short, on either side of the midrib, under side dull green tinted with dull red. Brazil. - Distinct and pretty.
Whole plant 12 in. high: leaves sub-distichous; petiole 2-3 in. long, sheathing most of its length; blade 4-5 in. long, erect, ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, somewhat undulate, dark green and veined above, rose-purple beneath: spike short, the bracts bright saffron-yellow. Brazil. B.M. 7820. G.C. III. 28:113. G.M. 53:265. J.H. III. 60:329. G. 32:263. F.W. 1876:161. - A free bloomer and showy when in flower.
Fig. 737. Habit strong, loose, and spreading, 1-4 ft. high: growths with 2-8 leaves, usually with 3; blade ovate or elliptic-ovate, oblique, acute, undulate, glabrous, 4-12 in. long, upper side rich dark glossy green, feathered along either side of the midrib with an irregular band of pale green and with an inner zone of dark olive-green blotches and an outer one of pale yellowish green (often shading to white) between the midrib and margin; under side similarly blotched, but in shades of purple-red and rosy red; petiole 1/2-3 ft. long, stout, green and glabrous above, tinted with reddish brown and hairy in lower part; sheath extending from one-third to one-half the length of the petiole, upper part terete: inflon erect densely flowered spike on peduncle 4-6 in. long; spike 2-3 in. long, with a rosette 2 in. diam., of large green foliolose erect or capped spreading bracts; floral bracts erect, spreading at the tips, ovate, an inch long, outer ones covered in lower part with brown hairs; flowers in pairs, primrose-white, tube 3/4in. long, slender; sepals erect, 1/2 in. long. lanceolate; petals elliptic 1/2in. long, reflexed; fertile stamen hooded, small, 2 aborted petaloid ones longer than the petals, obovate, bilobed, with a bright violet blotch on the front; style and stigma small, curved.
Peru. B.M. 5535. G.C. 1870:924. Gn. 2, p. 545. F.S. 16:1655-8-A dwarf variety Foxii, Raffill, has recently been introduced into cult, from Venezuela. It differs from the type in its dwarf habit, rarely, exceeding 10-12 in. high: leaves broader, more reflexed, and with a bright rose or red midrib; the color of the markings of the If. are darker and of a slightly different shape, the dark inner zone of green being more broken in outline, and running into the midrib: infloresence smaller, but the flowers in size and color are the same as in the type.
Fig. 737. Calathea Veitchiana.
Habit dwarf and compact, 6-9 in. high: leaves spreading, growths bearing 2-5 leaves 6-9 in. long; blade oblique, ovate, acute, undulate, 4-6 in. long, 2-5 in. broad, upper side rich dark shining olive-green, with a bluish metallic luster over the whole, the midrib being feathered on either side with dull silvery white and an irregular zone of the same color running the complete circle of the blade, under side dull purplish red; petiole 2-3 in. long, spreading, dull greenish brown; sheath extending to one-half the length of the petiole, upper part terete; petioles, If . - scales and under side of the midrib covered with minute brown hairs: infloresence an erect, capitate, few-fid. spike, on slender peduncle 4-6 in. long; bracts of two kinds, the upper 3 or 4 green, folio-lose ovate, spreading over the floral bracts, and curving upward at the tips; lower bracts scarious, orbicular, light brown and shading to bright red at the point of attachment to the rachis, bracteoles 2-4, lanceolate, shorter than the bract: flowers in pairs; sepals white, two-thirds length of the tube, tube 2/3in. long; petals lanceolate, white, spreading, 1/2in. long; 2 aborted petaloid stamens larger than the petals, obovate, lower one heavily blotched with purple; stamen hooded; style and stigma white, curved, 1/3in. long; ovary minute, white.
Ecuador. F.S. 16:1691-2. - By some regarded as derived from C. roseo-picta.