This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
Leaves elliptic-oblong, short-acuminate (12 in. or less long), deep green above with an olive-green zone either 6ide of the midrib, and beyond which is a darker zone of green, the under side counterfeiting the upper side, but with purplish zones. Brazil. I.H. 18:82. - By some considered to be a form of C. ruseo-picta.
leaf elongated or elliptical-lanceolate, 7-10 in. long, 3-3 1/2 in. broad, light green above, with broad black-green, flaming, broken band along the middle nerve, violet-purple below. Amazon.
leaf elliptical, pointed, 5-6 in. long, 2-3 1/2 in. broad, above shining green, with broad, white, flaming, broken middle band along the middle nerve and numerous broken white linear small bands between the side nerves; lower surface whitish green and marked with red and green. Colombia, Ecuador. - A neat species.
bb. leaf - blades larger, mostly upwards of 12 in. long.
c. Under side of leaves green (red in juvenile states of Nos. 34 and others and in No. 37 and perhaps No. 45).
Rattlesnake Plant. Leaves oval, abruptly acute at each end, 1 1/2 -2 ft. long, and 10-12 in. broad, yellowish green, with a white-margined midrib, paler underneath; petiole 2-3 ft. long, curved, sheathing: peduncles 1 or 2, 8-10 in. high, bearing distichous yellow-flowered spikes. Guatemala. - Offered in Fla. The spikes suggest the rattle of a rattlesnake (Crotalus) whence the specific name.
Habit erect: growths bearing 4-10 leaves 2-4 ft. long; blade 1-2 ft. long, elliptic, arching in upper half, light green above, pale silvery gray below, margins slightly undulate; petiole erect, often as much as 2 ft. long, green, striped with dull red on each side, the sheath extending up to within 2-3 in. of the apex, where it becomes terete. W. Indies. - Alluia is a native Carib name.
Habit strong and vigorous, quickly forming a large and fine specimen: growths bearing 3-7 erect or spreading leaves, often as much as 5 ft. high, and arching over at the tip; blade to 20 in. long, elliptic, slightly oblique, acute, slightly undulate, and glabrous in all parts, upper side rich green in the adult stage; in the juvenile stage the leaves are dark olive-green in the center, with an irregular outer band of paler green, forming a complete zone between the dark green center and margin; under side light green; petiole 1-4 ft. high, rigid, erect; sheath extending from one-third to one-half the length of the petiole, upper part terete, glabrous, shining light green. Brazil. - A near ally of C. Chant-rieri, but not so brightly colored in the markings of the leaf
Habit strong and vigorous, erect, spreading and arching above: growths bearing 3-4 leaves and reaching as much as 6 or 7 ft. high in the adult stage; blade elliptic, glabrous; in the juvenile stage the larger part of the upper side of the leaf is a pale yellowish green with a dark green irregular band running around the margins and along the midrib, the under side is rich purplish red, in the adult stage the color on both sides of the leaf is all lost and becomes a rich dark green, the intermediate stages of development are marked by a gradual loss of the light yellowish green on the upper side and purple-red of the lower and the gradual encroachment of the dark green color which predominates in the adult stage; petiole 1 1/2 -5 ft. long, downy when young, glabrous when old, spreading outward; sheath extending from one-half to three-fourths of its length, upper part terete. Brazil. - A near ally, if not a variety of the older C. leopardina, Regel.
cc. Under side of leaves in shades of purple or red (or perhaps green in No. 45).
Habit vigorous, erect, spreading with age: growths bearing 1-4 leaves; blade elliptic or elliptic-cordate, acute, 1-3 ft. long, rich shining green above (in the adult stage), dull purple-red below, the leaves in the juvenile stage all beautifully striped between the principal veins with rose or pink, which in the intermediate stage changes to white and disappears entirely in the adult; petiole erect spreading with age, often as much as 4 ft. long and thick in proportion; sheath extending from one-third to one-half its length, upper part terete, slightly downy, especially in the lower part. Guiana to Ecuador. F.S. 4:413-14- The forms this plant assumes during the different stages of its development have been distinguished by some nurserymen who have distributed them under separate names, C. regalis, C. majestica, and C. roseo-slriata all being stages of the one plant. To add to the confusion they are also known in the trade under the generic name of Maranta. The plant known as C. albo-lineata or Maranta albo-lineata, has been referred by some authors to this species, but it has no near affinity and is a different plant from C. ornata, C. imperialis or C. Sanderiana.
Habit vigorous,- erect, spreading in the adult stage: growths with 2-7 leaves 6 in. to 5 ft. long; blade as much as 2 ft. long when adult, elliptic-ovate, acute, entire, shiny green above, rich purple-red below; petiole stout, erect or spreading, dull green; sheath developed about half its length, upper part terete. - One of the best species for decorative effect. This species presents a striking dissimilarity between the juvenile and adult stages of growth. The juvenile stage is much the better for horticultural purposes as the leaves are then striped with bright rose or pink between the principal lateral veins. This color gradually changes as the plant grows stronger and becomes vigorous, the stripes on the lower leaves first becoming white and gradually disappearing on the leaves that are developed after the plant reaches the adult stage, until a stage is reached when all the color and stripes on the upper side of the leaves are lost and the leaves are a rich shining green color. The high color is again developed as soon as the plant is disturbed at the roots either for prop, or by injury.