This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(Greek, beauty and fruit). Verbena-ceae. Ornamental woody plants cultivated chiefly for their brightly colored berry-like fruit appearing late in autumn; also for the attractive flowers which appear in summer.
Flowers perfect; calyx short-campanulate, truncate or slightly 4-toothed, rarely 4-parted; corolla with short tube, 4-lobed; stamens 4, of equal length; ovary 4-celled, cells 1-ovuled: fruit a subglobose berry-like drupe with 2-4 stones. - More than 30 species in tropical and subtropical regions of Asia, Austral., N. and Cent. Amer.
Callicarpas are shrubs or trees, often with stellate hairs, with opposite, usually serrate, deciduous leaves and small pink, bluish or whitish flowers in axillary clusters, followed in autumn by small berry-like lilac, violet or red, rarely white fruits. The hardiest are C. dichotoma, C. japonica and C. Giraldii, which may be grown even North in sheltered positions, if somewhat protected during the winter. If killed to the ground, young shoots spring up vigorously, and will produce flowers and fruit in the same season. If grown in the greenhouse, they require a sandy compost of loam and peat, and plenty of light and air. Propagation is readily effected by greenwood cuttings in spring or summer under glass; also by hardwood cuttings, layers and seeds.
a. Leaves tomentose beneath.
Linn. Shrub, 3-6 ft., with scurfy, downy tomentum: leaves cuneate, elliptic-ovate, acuminate, obtusely serrate, 3-6 in. long: cymes short-stalked; corolla bluish, glabrous:fruit violet. July, Aug. Woods and rich soil, Va. to Texas and W. Indies. - One of the handsomest in fruit, but more tender than the Japanese species. variety alba, Hort., has white fruit; very conspicuous in fall and early winter.
aa. Leaves not or slightly pubescent below and glandular: corolla glandular outside.
b. Peduncles longer than petioles: leaves glabrous or nearly so below.
Thunb. (C. Mimurazaki, Sieb.). Fig. 743. Shrub, 2-5 ft.: leaves cuneate, elliptic or ovate-lanceolate, long-acuminate, serrulate, 2 1/2-5 in. long: cymes peduncled, many-flowered; flowers pink or whitish: fruit violet. Aug. Japan. S.I.F. 1:70. G.C. 1871:173. P. F.G. 2, p. 165. H.F. 1861:12. variety leuco-carpa, Sieb. With white fr
Fig. 743. Callicarpa japonica. (X 1/3) bb. Peduncles shorter than petioles.
Koch (C. gracilis, Sieb. & Zucc. C. purpurea, Juss.). Shrub, 1-4 ft.: leaves cuneate, elliptic or obovate, crenately serrate above the middle, entire toward the base, 1 1/2-3 in. long: cymes peduncled, few- or many-fid.; flowers pink: fruit lilac-violet. Aug. Japan, China. Gn. 23:540. - Closely allied to the former, but smaller in every part.
Giraldii, Hesse. Shrub: leaves broadly elliptic or elliptic-ovate to elliptic-lanceolate, 2-4 in. long, dentate, glandular beneath, and sparingly stellate-pubescent; petioles slender, 1/3 -1/2in. long: flowers pink in dense cymes on pubescent stalks shorter than the petioles: fruit violet. W. China.
C. cana, Linn. Shrub: leaves broadly elliptic, shining above and whitish-tomentose beneath: fruit deep purple. E. India, China, Philippine Isls. B.M. 2107. - C. longifolia, Lam. Shrub: leaves oblong-lanceolate or lanceolate, narrowed at both ends, 3-5 in. long, stellate pubescent and glandular beneath: cymes short-peduncled; flowers pink or purple: fruit white. Himalayas, China. B. R. 10:864. H.E.. 2:133. - C. mollis, Sieb. & Zucc. Shrub, to 4 ft.: leaves oblong-lanceolate, rounded at the base, tomentose beneath: flowers and fruit pink. Japan. S.I.F. 1:70. - C. pedunculata, R.Br. (C. lanata, Schau., not Linn.) Shrub: leaves oblong-ovate, nearly sessile, and rounded at the base, green and slightly tomentose beneath: cymes slender-peduncled. E. Indies. Austral. Sieb. Flor. d. Jard. 4:97. - C. rubella, Lindl. (C. dichotoma, Hort., not Juss.). Shrub or small tree, to 20 ft.: leaves cordate-oblong, tomentose beneath: fruit purple. Himalayas, China. B.R. 11:883. F.S. 13:1359. I.H. 6:202. G.C. 1859:96. R.H. 1859, p. 106, 107. Alfred Rehder