This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(Greek, beautiful-leaved). Guttif-eracese. Woody plants of the Old World and American tropics, with shining leathery leaves, sometimes planted South.
Leaves parallel-veined at right angles to the midrib: flowers polygamous in many axillary or terminal clusters; sepals and petals 4-12, in 2-3 series; stamens very numerous: fruit a drupe with a single erect seed. - Sixty species. Closely related to Garcinia, which, however, has only 4-8 sepals.
In India, several species are of considerable economic importance, especially C. ionophyllum, which is the source of a gum, and the seeds of which contain the well-known domba oil used extensively for lighting purposes. They must be grown in a warmhouse and in a rich well-aerated soil.
Calaba, Jacq. Calaba Tree. A tree, to 60 ft.: leaves variable, dark glossy green, 3-10 in long.: flowers in axillary racemes, white, rarely produced in cultivation, the petals about 3 lines long: fruit about 1 in. diam. W. Indies, perhaps introduced from the Old World. Timber and oil.
Linn. A medium-sized tree, with gray smooth bark: leaves 4-8 in. long, 3-4 in. wide,shining on both surfaces: racemes in the upper axils, the flowers about 3/4in. diam. and pure white; inner sepals petal-like: fruit about 1 in. diam., yellow, smooth, almost fleshy. tropical Asia. n. Taylor.