This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(Louis Camoens, Portugese poet). Leguminosae. Two species of climbing shrubs from W. tropical Africa, with digitately 3-foliolate leaves, and large papilionaceous flowers Calyx top-shaped; petals with long claws, the standard orbicular or nearly so; stamens free; ovary stipitate, with many ovules, the stigma small and capitate: fruit a broad-linear flattened 2-valved pod. C. maxima, Welw., has recently been offered by an English firm. Described by Baker as "a magnificent species" and by Bull as "one of the most gorgeously beautiful of tropical climbers:" leaflets obovate-oblong, 5-6 in. long, cuspidate: flowers milk-white tinged with gold and frilled on the edges of the petals, in short-stalked 6-8-flowered axillary racemes; standard projecting 4 in. beyond the calyx, 3-4 in. broad; other petals shorter and not more than 1 in. broad: pod 6-8 in. long. Trans. Linn. Soc. 25:36. B.M. 7572. G.C. III. 20:597. L. H. B.
C. axillaris, Roxbg.=Gordonia anomala. - C. cuspidata, Hort.=Thea cuspidata. - C. drupifera. Lour. Shrub, to 8 ft.: leaves elliptic, long-acuminate: flowers 1 1/2 in. wide, fragrant, white, petals obovate. Himalayas, India. L.B.C. 19:1815. - C. euryoides, Lindl. =Thea euryoides. - C. euryoides, Hort.=Thea maliflora. - C. hong-kongensis. Seem. (Thea hongkongensis, Pierre). Tree with glabrous branches: leaves ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, indistinctly serrate, lustrous above, coriaceous, 3-4 in. long: flowers red, 2 in. across; petals slightly emarginate; ovary pubescent. Hongkong. Trans. Linn. Soc. 22:60. - C. maliflora, Lindl.=Thea maliflora. - C. rosiflora, Hook.=Thea maliflora. - C. sinensis, Kuntze=Thea sinensis. - C spectabilis, Champ. =Tutcheria spectabilis. - C. Thea, Link=Thea sinensis. Alfred Rehder.