This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(alluding to its similarity to Camp-sis). Bignoniaceae. Ornamental vines grown for their bright orange flowers and also for their handsome evergreen finely pinnate foliage.
Evergreen shrubs, high-climbing, without tendrils and without rootlets, with odd-pinnate, opposite leaves and tubular, orange, slender-pedicelled flowers in terminal, loose and short racemes: calyx turbinate, 5-toothed, glandless; corolla tubular, slightly ventricose, straight, with 5 short equal lobes; stamens, 4, the 2 longer with the anthers exserted; anther-sacs parallel; disk cupular, flat: fruit a narrow caps, with many winged seeds. - Two species in Chile and in the Fiji Isls.
They are adapted only for subtropical regions and do not seem to bloom readily, but even without flowers they are worth planting for their foliage alone. In Old World gardens, they are sometimes cultivated as stove plants, but C. valdivianum, judging from its habitat, might do better in the cool greenhouse. Propagated by greenwood cuttings under glass. For further culture, see Campsis.
Campsidium filicifolium, from the Fiji Islands, has never flowered in the writer's garden (in Florida) and is cut down by frost almost every winter, but it is a strong grower and worth planting for the foliage alone. C. valdivianum has proved to be a very poor grower and is very difficult to keep in health for any length of time. (H. Nehrling.)
Seem. (C. chilense, Reissek & Seem. Tecoma valdiviana, Phil.). Climbing, to 50 ft.: branches angular, glabrous: leaves glabrous, 4-6 in. long; leaflets usually 11-13, sessile, elliptic-oblong, 3/4-1 1/2 in. long, serrate near the apex or almost entire: racemes pendulous, 6-10-flowered; flowers about 1 1/2 in. long, orange: caps. 3-4 in. long, narrowly elliptic-oblong. Chile. G.C. 1870:1182. B.M. 6111. F.S. 20:2142.
Van Geert (Tecoma filicifolia, Nichols.). Climbing evergreen shrub: leaves odd-pinnate, 5 in. long; leaflets 19-25, ovate, with 2 or 3 lobes on each side, the larger lobes sometimes dentate. Fiji Isls. F. 1874:280. Alfred Rehder.