This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(from Cantu, Peruvian name). Pole-moniaceae. Showy flowering shrubs, with variable foliage, in greenhouses, and out-of-doors far South.
Flowers corymbose; calyx campanulate, of 5 (rarely 3) sepals, which are much shorter than the long tubular corolla; stamens inserted at the base of the corolla, but exceeding it in length. - Six species in S. Amer. One kind is recommended in Eu. as a coolhouse shrub. No tenderer than fuchsias. Prop, by cuttings in sand under a bell-jar.
Juss. (C. dependens, Pers.). Much-branched shrub, about 4 ft. high; branches more or less downy: leaves very variable, generally oblong-obovate, acute, tapering at the base, entire or serrate, downy or glabrous: flowers 5-8, drooping vertically, in a kind of leafy, terminal corymb; calyx pale, membranous, green-streaked, 5-toothed, a fourth shorter than the corolla-tube; corolla long-funnel-shaped, the tube 2 1/2 in. long, red, usually streaked; limb of fringed, obcordate,. crimson lobes which are much shorter than the tube; stamens included. Peru. Apr., May. B.M. 4582. F.S. 7:650. R.H. 1858, p. 294. R.B. 27:181-One of the choicest of European greenhouse plants. Very liable to red spider.
C. bicolor, Lem. Distinguished from the above by the entire leaves which are shorter, about 1 in. long, and the solitary flowers with a short, yellow tube, the limb not fringed. The flowers droop, but not vertically. Peru. B.M. 4729. F.S. 4:343. Probably less desirable than the above. - C. pyrifolia, Juss. Leaves generally broader and more toothed than in C. bicolor: flowers as many as 17, in an erect, terminal, compound corymb; calyx red-tipped, nearly half as long as the yellow corolla-tube; corolla about 1 1/4 in. long, with a white limb; stamens long, exserted. Peru. B.M. 4386. F.S. 4:383.