This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(Carum Carvi, Linn.). Umbelliferae. A biennial or annual herb grown for its seeds, which are used in flavoring bread, cakes and cheese; also occasionally for the young shoots and leaves, which are eaten. It grows a foot or two high, has finely-cut, pin-nately compound foliage, and small white flowers, in umbels. It is of the easiest culture. The seed is usually sown in spring and the crop of seed taken the following year. It thrives in any garden soil. The plant occasionally runs wild. See Carum.
: An incorrect or doubtful name for Cnicus, which see.
: Amomum and Elettaria.
: Lobelia cardinalis.
(Arabic name, alluding to a color yielded by the flowers). Composite. Hardy annuals.
Plant 2-3 ft. high, with spiny leaves: involucre with spreading and leafy outer scales and the inner ones more or less spiny; receptacle chaffy; corolla 5-fid, nearly regular, smooth, expanded above the tube: achenes glabrous, mostly 4-ribbed, the pappus none or scale-like. - A genus of 20 species, from the Canary Isls. to Cent. Asia. Of easiest cultivation, from seed.
Linn. (Carduus tinctorius, Falk.). Saf-flower. False Saffron. One to 3 ft. high, glabrous, branched: leaves ovate, spiny-toothed, almost as broad as long: flower-heads with upward-tapering involucre, and a globular crown of orange florets. Asia. - Florets used like saffron; they have diaphoretic properties and have also been used for dyeing, especially silks; and in making rouge. N. TaYlor.+
The clove tree, is now referred to Eugenia.
: Anacardium occidentale
(from a German botanist). Polypo-diacex. Small Brazilian ferns allied to the maidenhair, but rarely seen in cultivation There are 3 species: sori terminal on the veins, oblong or nearly globular; indusium within the margin and distinct from it. They require hothouse conditions. C. pinnata, Kaulf., has fronds 6 in. long, pinnate, the pinnae linear-oblong and crenate. C. triphylla, Kaulf., has 3-5-parted fronds, the parts linear-oblong and crenate. C. gleichenioides, Gardn., has twice-pinnate fronds, the pinnules 4-cornered.
(a name said to have been used by the Indians in Fla.; see Ilex Cassine). Celastraceae. Some 20 or less erect or climbing glabrous shrubs of the Cape region in Africa, apparently not known in cult, in this country. Leaves opposite, thick, entire or serrate: flowers small, white, in axillary clusters; calyx 4-5-parted, minute; petals 4-5; stamens 4-5, on the disk, which encircles the ovary: fruit a 1-2-seeded drupe, with a hard pit or stone. C. Colpoon, Thunb. (or C. capensis variety Colpoon) is the ladlewood of the Cape, the wood being used in the making of small articles. C. Maurocenia, Linn, (now placed in a separate genus, Maurocenia capensis, Sond.) is the Hottentot cherry. H.I. 6:55 2.