This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(probably from Caria, in Asia Minor). Umbelliferse. Glabrous annual or perennial herbs, some of which yield aromatic and edible garden products.
Leaves pinnate: flowers white or pinkish, small, in compound umbels with involucres and involucels, the calyx-teeth small: fruit ovate or oblong, more or less ribbed, glabrous, or sometimes hispid: root usually tuberous or filiform. - Twenty or more species, widely distributed in temperate regions. The genus is variously defined and understood. C. Petroselinum, the parsley, is here kept under the genus Petroselinum.
Carvi, Linn. Caraway (which see). stem slender but erect, furrowed, 1-2 ft.: leaves pinnately decompound, with thread-like divisions. Old World. - Sometimes runs wild.
Gairdneri, Gray. stem solitary, 1-4 ft.: leaves pinnate or the upper ones simple, with 3-7 linear leaflets, the upper leaflets usually entire, but the lower ones often divided: fruit with long style. Dry hills, in Calif, and Nev. and to Brit. Col. - Intro, in 1881, by Gillett, as an ornamental plant. Roots tuberous and fusiform. L. H. B.