This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(named in honor of Cardinal Casimiro Gomez de Ortega, Spanish botanist of the eighteenth century). Rutaceae. Evergreen trees, one of which is grown for the edible fruits.
Leaves alternate, long-petioled, digitate, 3-7-folio-late; leaflets petiolulate, lanceolate, entire or slightly serrate, smooth or pubescent beneath: flowers regular, polygamo-dicecious; calyx 5-parted, small; petals 5, oblong, valvate, apex incurved; disk inconspicuous, circular; stamens 5, free; filaments subulate; anthers cordate; ovary sessile, on disk, globose, 5- or occasionally 6-8-lobed, 5-celled; stigma sessile, 5-lobed; ovules solitary in the cells, axillary: fruit a drupe, large, depressed-globose; pulp agreeable to taste, edible; seeds oblong, compressed, exalbuminose. - Four species in Mex. and S.
Llav. & Lex. White Sapote. Cochil Sapota. Large tree: trunk ashen gray, with warty excrescences: leaves dark green, glossy: flowers greenish yellow, small: fruit greenish yellow when ripe, with strong, thick epicarp, 1/2in. thick, about the size of an orange; seeds nearly 1 in. long and half as wide. Mex. - The fruit of this species has a delicious flavor, similar to that of a peach. It is used in Mex. as an aid in inducing sleep, and the leaves as a remedy for diarrhea. It grows on the coast of Mex. to an altitude of about 7,000 ft. See Sapote, White. H. J. Webber.