This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(Greek mythological name). Ericaceae. Ornamental small shrubs sometimes cultivated for their handsome delicate flowers.
Evergreen: leaves very small, usually scale-like and opposite, rarely alternate and linear: flowers solitary, axillary, or terminal; calyx small, 5-parted; corolla cam-panulate, 5-lobed or 5-cleft; stamens 10, the anthers with recurved appendages; style included: fruit a 5-valved caps, with numerous minute seeds. - Ten species in arctic regions and high mountains of N. Amer., N. Eu., N. Asia and Himalayas. Formerly included under Andromeda.
Cassiopes are graceful, delicate plants, adapted for rockeries, flowering in summer. They are of somewhat difficult culture, and require peaty and sandy moist but well-drained soil and partly shaded situation, though C. hypnoides grows best in full sun, creeping amongst growing moss. Drought, as well as dry and hot air, is fatal to them. Propagated readily by cuttings from mature wood in August under glass; also by layers and by seeds treated like those of Erica.
C. fastigiata, Don (Andromeda fastigiata, Wall.). Ascending: leaves imbricate, in 4 rows, with white-fringed margin: flowers axillary, white. Himalayas. B.M. 4796. G.C. III. 47:379 (habit). Gn. 43, p. 189. G. 15:709. - C. hypnoides, Don. (Harrimanella hypnoides, Coville). Creeping: leaves linear, alternate, crowded: flowers terminal, deeply 5-cleft. Arctic regions. B.M. 2936. L.B.C. 20:1946. G.C. III. 39:226 (habit). - C. Mertensiana, Don. Erect or ascending to 1 ft. high: leaves imbricate in 4 rows, carinate on the back: flowers axillary, white or slightly tinged rosy. Sitka to Calif. - C. tetragdna, Don (Andromeda tetragona, Linn.). Similar to the former, but lower, and the leaves with a deep furrow on the back. Arctic regions. B.M. 3181. M.D.G. 1910:125. 137 (habit). Alfred Rehder.