(a native name in Guiana). Rhizo-phoraceae. Perhaps a dozen or less species (if the African Dactylopetalum is included in the American Cassi-pourea) in tropical Amer. and in Afr, one of which is now offered. Glabrous trees or shrubs: leaves opposite or whorled, stalked, somewhat leathery, oblong or lanceolate, entire or somewhat crenate: flowers small or medium in size, white, solitary or fascicled in the axils; calyx 4-5-lobed; petals 4-7, fimbriate, linear or spatu-late, inserted in the cup-like disk; stamens 10-30; ovary 2-4-celled: caps, ovoid, somewhat fleshy, tardily dehiscent, the cells 1-seeded. C. verticillata, N. E. Br., Natal, a handsome tree, with very shiny foliage: leaves about 4 in. long and half as broad, in 3's or 4's, lightly creno-serrate or almost entire; petals 5-7, exserted, very narrow; stamens 10-14. - A rare mangrove-like tree, found at considerable elevations away from the coast. Offered in S. Calif. L H B


: Nymphaea.

Castanea Of Commerce

: The nuts of Bertholletia.


(chestnut seed, because of the taste of the seeds). Leguminosse. A genus of 2 species, one of which is a tall Australian tree, with odd-pinnate leaves, the leaflets broad, thick, entire: flowers large, yellow-orange, in lateral or axillary loose racemes which are usually about 5 in. long; petals 4; stamens free; ovary long-stipitate, many-ovuled: pod 8-9 in. long with 4-5 seeds larger than Italian chestnuts, globular. C. australe, Cunn., is the species known locally as "Moreton Bay chestnut." The seeds are roasted and eaten. Intro, in S. Calif., but not common. The other species is New Caledonian, and apparently not in cultivation


(for Castillejo, the Spanish botanist). Moraceae. Laticiferous trees, of which C. elastica Cerv., is one of the important rubber-producing plants. There are 2 or 3 species, in Cuba and Cent. Amer. Leaves alternate, short-petioled, often large, entire or toothed: plant monoecious, the sexes borne in the same cluster: sterile flower with no perianth, stamens numerous and crowded, with scales intermixed; fertile flowers with 4-lobed perianth, including the short-styled ovary: fruit a crustaceous pericarp containing a pendulous seed. The cult, of C. elastica for rubber is described in Cyclo. Amer. Agric, Vol. II, p. 557.

Castor Bean, Castor-Oil Plant

: Ricinus.


(Greek name, referring to ancient custom of using the plant in making love-philters). Composite. Annual or perennial garden herbs, grown for the bloom.

Leaves crowded at the base of the stem, and linear or lanceolate: head long-peduncled, blue or yellow: achene oblong, ribbed and usually villose or setose: pappus of 5-7 lanceolate long-acuminate scales. - A half dozen species in the Medit. region. Of easiest cult, in any garden soil, particularly if light. Prop, by seeds and division. Useful for cutting.


Linn. Perennial, 2 ft.: leaves tomentose, lanceolate and few-toothed, 3-nerved: flower-heads 2 in. across, with wide flat-toothed blue rays, on long slender stems Blooms in June, July and Aug. S. Eu. B.M. 293. R.H. 1890, p. 523. G. 28:541. Gn. 42, p. 25; 55: 368. variety alba, Hort., has white flowers Gn. 55:368. variety bicolor, Hort., has white margin and blue center. Often used as everlastings. L H. B.