: Typha.


(Sir P. Cautley, 1802-1871, British naturalist). Zingiberaceae. About a half-dozen Himalayan species closely allied to Roscoea, differing in the spherical rather than narrow fruit, and the spicate infloresence Probably not in cult, in this country. C. lutea, Royle (Roscdea lutea, Royle. R. gracilis, Smith). Erect or leafy perennial herb, 1 1/2, ft. or less: leaves narrow-lanceolate, slender-tipped, reddish underneath: flowers 2 in. or less long; corolla yellow; calyx reddish purple, the linear segments prominent, the lateral ones spreading or reflexed and the dorsal one erect and with an incurved erect staminode under it. - Treatment of Alpinia and Roscoea.


: Acacia Cavenia

Cayenne Pepper

: Capsicum

Cayratia Japonica

: Cissus japonica.

Ceara Rubber

: Manihot


: Cocculus.


: Cedrus, Juniperus.

White Cedar

: Thuya, Chamaecyparis.

West Indian Cedar

: Cedrela.


(a name in mythology). Compositae. More than 40 New Zealand perennial herbs, and 1 in Austral, and Tasmania, some of which may be expected in botanic gardens and collections. Leaves radical and in rosettes, or densely imbricated if borne on the stems, usually tomentose: heads large and solitary on a long or short scape, with imbricate pubescent or glandular bracts in several or many series; rays in a single row, always white. The celmisias are characteristic plants of New Zeal., covering the mountain slopes and valleys, especially in the South Isl., with the showy daisy-like flowers Probably none is regularly in cultivation

L. H. B


(Olaus Celsius, 1670-1756, a Swedish orientalist). Scrophulariacex. Herbs, with yellow flowers in terminal racemes or spikes, closely allied to Verbascum, but has only 4 stamens, and they are of 2 sorts. About 40 Old World species, mostly from the Medit. region.

Only C. cretica, Linn, f., is known in Amer., and that very sparingly. It is a hardy or half-hardy biennial, with alternate leaves, of which the lower are slightly pinnate and lanceolate, and the upper ovate-lanceolate, toothed and clasping: flowers large (nearly 2 in. across), and somewhat as in Antirrhinum, yellowish, with dark markings in the center and conspicuous deflexed stamens. Stout hairy plant, 3-6 ft. high, from Crete. B.M. 964. - A very showy plant well worth much wider cultivation See page 3566.

C. pontica, Hort. Has whitish leaves and pure white flowers

N. Taylor, †


(an ancient Greek name). Grammes. Mostly annual grasses with simple racemes of burs that become detached and adhere readily to clothing and animals. Spikelets as in Panicum, but 2-6 together in a 6piny involucre or bur. C. carolinianus, Walt. (C. trib-uloides of American authors), Sand-Bur, is a common weed in sandy soil. Dept. Agric. Div. Agrost. 20:40.

A. S. Hitchcock.


(Greek for empty, in allusion to the hollow receptacle). Compdsitae. Low herbs from S. Africa, with the aspect of mayweed. Head small and rayed, the ray-flowers pistillate, the disk-flowers compressed and 4-toothed, the receptacle gradually enlarged from the top of the peduncle, and hollow. About 8 species, none of which are of much horticultural value. C. turbinata, Pers. (C pruinosa, DC), is a common weed in Cape Colony, and it is occasionally seen in American gardens. It is annual, diffusely branched, and a foot or less high, with finely dissected, soft, almost moss-like foliage, and long-peduncled, small, yellow heads. Of easy cultivation United with Cotula by Hoffmann in Engler & Prantl.

L. H. B