Grasshoppers (Acrididx)

Poison them with the following mixture: Bran, twenty pounds; paris green, one pound; syrup, two quarts; oranges or lemons, three fruits; water, three and one-half gallons. Mix the bran and paris green thoroughly in a wash-tub while dry. Squeeze the juice of oranges or lemons into the water and add pulp and peel cut into small pieces. Dissolve the syrup in the water and moisten the bran mixture with it, mixing thoroughly. Sow broadcast in infested areas early in the morning.

Northern Corn Root-Worm (Diabrotica Longicornis)

A whitish grub 2/5 inch long, which burrows in the roots. Preventive. - -Crop-rotation; corn should not follow corn.

Sod Web-Worms (Crambus Sp.)

Gray or brownish caterpillars about 1/2 inch long, living in silk-lined burrows in the soil at base of plant. They thrive in grass land.

Preventive

Early fall plowing of grass land intended for corn, or else plow as late as possible the next spring.

White Grubs (Lachnosterna Sp.)

The large white curved larvae of the common June beetle.

Preventives

Rotation of crops; do not let corn follow sod, but let a crop of clover or clover and oats intervene. To help clear sod land of grubs, pasture to hogs any time between April and October. To prevent laying of eggs in corn-field, keep the ground free from weeds during May and June. Thorough cultivation and heavy fertilization.

Wire-Worms (Elateridae)

Hard, yellowish, or reddish, cylindrical larvae feeding on the roots.

Preventives

Crop-rotation; let clover intervene between sod and corn, planting the corn late the second or third year. Early fall plowing.

Cornus. Oyster-Shell Scale

See Apple.

San Jose Scale

See Apple. Corylus.

Hazelnut Weevil (Balanintis Obtusus)

Small whitish grubs living in the kernels. The adult is a yellowish brown beetle with a long, slender snout.

Control

No efficient treatment known.

Cosmos. Root Aphis (Aphis Middletoni)

Small bluish lice on the roots.

Treatment

Tobacco dust mixed in the soil.

Cotoneaster. Pear Leaf-Blister Mite

See Pear.

Cranberry. Cranberry Fulgorid (Phylloscelis Atra)

Small, broad-bodied, black jumping insect punctures the vines, causing the leaves to turn brown and the fruit to shrivel.

Treatment

"Black Leaf 40" tobacco extract, one pint to one hundred gallons of water, adding four to five pounds soap to kill young nymphs.

Cranberry-Girdler (Crambus Hortuellus)

Small caterpillars, feeding on the stems just beneath the surface of the sand.

Preventive

Reflow just after picking, for a week or ten days, or reflow for a day or two about June 10.

False Army-Worm (Calocampa Nupera)

Green to blackish caterpillars devouring the leaves and buds.