Catchfly

: Silene.

Catechu

: Acacia Catechu; Areca Catechu.

Caterpillars

The worm-like pods of Scorpiurus vermiculata, Linn., S. subvillosa, Linn., and others (Leguminosae), are sometimes used as surprises in salads and soups; and for that purpose they are cultivated in parts of Europe, and seeds are sold in this country. They are sometimes catalogued as Worms. They are annuals of the easiest culture. The pods of Medicdgo scutelldta, Mill., and others are known as Snails. The pods are not edible. European plants. A.G. 13:681. L. H. B.

Catesbaea

(Mark Catesby, 1679-1749, author of natural histories of parts of N. Amer.). Rubiaceae. Spiny shrubs of the W. Indies and one (B. parviflora) reaching the coast of Fla., of 6 species, one of which is offered in the trade: leaves small, opposite or fasciculate, mostly ovate or oblong: flowers axillary and solitary, white, sometimes showy, 4-merous; corolla funnel-shaped, with short lobes; stamens 4, inserted deep in the tube: fruit a globular berry. C. spinosa, Linn., offered in Fla., is a slow-growing evergreen shrub from the W. Indies: leaves ovate to obovate, nearly as long as the straight spines: flowers yellow, large and conspicuous, the corolla-tube tapering down to the middle and then very narrow or filiform, the segments much shorter than the tube: berry ovoid, yellow, edible. - Recommended for hedges. L. H. B.

Catha

(Arabian name). Celastraceae. One evergreen spineless shrub of Arabia and Africa, and cult, in warm countries for the leaves, which are said to possess sustaining and recuperative properties and which are eaten by the Arabs or used in the preparation of a beverage. C. edulis, Forsk. (Celastrus edulis, Vahl). Khat. Capta. Glabrous, to 10 ft.: leaves opposite, or on the leafy shoots alternate, thick, narrowly elliptic or oval-oblanceolate, serrate, narrowed to the short petiole, 4 in. or less long: flowers small, white, in short axillary clusters; calyx 5-lobed; petals 5; stamens 5, borne on a disk: fruit an oblong or clavate caps., 3-valved, 1-3seeded, 1/3in. long. - Recently offered in this country. The twigs and leaves are an object of commerce in Arabia.

L. H. B

Catmint Or Catnip

: Nepeta.

Catopsis

(Greek compound, of obscure application). Bromeliaceae. Fifteen or more species in tropical Amer., with strap-shaped or lanceolate mostly rosulate leaves and spikes or racemes of white or yellow flowers terminating a scape, very little known in cultivation: sepals and petals separate to base; stamens shorter than the calyx; stigma subsessile. They require the cultural conditions of the erect tillandsias. C. nitida, Griseb. (Tillandsia nitida, Hook.), from W. Indies and S., is 6-18 in. tall, with oblong-mucronate shining green leaves in rosettes, and white flowers in slender spikes. C. penduliflbra, Wright, from Peru, is recently introduced, with oblong-elliptic leaves (6 in. long) in a rosette and with thin denticulate margins, and white pendulous short-stalked flowers on a race-mosely branched scape 1 1/2ft. high.