This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(C. amethystina, Morr. C. ovdta, Lindl. C. maritima, Lindl. C. Ldddigesii variety amethystina, Lem. C. Aquinii, Rodr.). Pseudobulbs up to 1 1/2 ft. tall, cylindric, somewhat furrowed, 2-lvd.: leaves 5-6 in. long, oblong: peduncle bearing 3-5 flowers 4-5 in. across; sepals and petals equal, pale rose or white, acute, oblong, the lateral deflected, the petals somewhat falcate; lip a little shorter than the lateral sepals, distinctly 3-lobed, the tube the same color as the petals, the lateral lobes rounded, the front lobe bright rose-purple, orbicular, strongly crisped. S. Brazil. B.M. 2851. O.R. 8:73; 15:156. P.M. 1:151. J.F. 4:379. C.O. 8. B.R. 1919. V.0.2:39. variety Parthenia, Reichb. f. Flowers pure white. C.O. 8a. variety punctatis-sima, Sander. Sepals and petals spotted and dotted with deep rose. C.O. 86.
(C. superba, Schomb. C. Schom-burgkii, Lindl. C. odoraiissima, P. N. Don). Pseudobulbs 8-12 in. tall, clavate, somewhat compressed, 2-lvd.: leaves 3-5 in. long, oval or oval-oblong: peduncle bearing 3-5 fragrant flowers 4-5 in. across; sepals and petals bright rose-purple, the sepals oblong-lanceolate, acute, the petals oblong-rhomboid, acutish, undulate, broader than sepals; lip fleshy, distinctly 3-lobed, deep purple-violet except the yellow disk streaked with purple, the lateral lobes triangular, acutish, the front lobe nearly orbicular, crisped. N. S. Amer. B.M. 4083. P.M. 9:265. J.H. III. 31:321. A.F. 11:1351. C.O. 28. variety splendens, Hort., has paler flowers
(C. Arembergii, Scheidw. C. intermedia variety variegata, Hook.). Pseudobulbs 8-12 in. tall, cylindric, 2-lvd.: leaves 4-5 in. long, oblong-elliptic: peduncle bearing 2-5 flowers 3-4 1/2 in. across; sepals and petals rose-lilac, oblong-elliptic, the lateral sepals somewhat falcate, the petals a little broader than the sepals, undulate; lip shorter than the lateral sepals, distinctly 3-lobed, the tube externally colored like petals, internally whitish, the lateral lobes rounded, undulate, the front lobe nearly orbicular, pale amethyst, strongly crisped, the disk whitish passing into yellow at the base. Brazil. C.O. 18. O.R. 15:145. - There is a white form. variety alba, Hort. variety delicata, Hort. Flowers bluish white. variety innocens, Hort. Flowers milky white. variety splendens, Hort. Flowers with bright purplish rose sepals; lip white inside, pale lilac outside; disk and side lobes pale yellow.
(C. Harrisoniae, Paxt. C. Papeiansiana, Morr. C. Harrisonii, Beer. C. Loddigesii variety Harrisoniae, Veitch. C. Loddigesii variety Harrisoniana, Rolfe). Pseudobulbs 8-16 in. tall, cylindric, 2-lvd.: leaves 4-6 in. long, oblong-lanceolate: peduncle bearing 2-5 flowers 4-4 1/2in. across; sepals and petals similar, oblong, bright rose-lilac, the lateral sepals falcate, the petals undulate, a little broader than sepals; lip shorter than lateral sepals, 3-lobed, the tube the same color as the petals, the front lobe crisped, rose-purple, the disk yellow-orange. Brazil. P.M. 4:247. C.O. 17. Gn. 48:380. variety alba, Beer. Flowers white, or sometimes faintly tinged with rose or yellow. C.O. 17a. variety Candida, Hort. Flowers white except yellow disk of lip. variety gigantea, Hort. A large form. variety maculata, Hort. Flowers purple-dotted. variety superbissima, Hort. Flowers large, the sepals and petals dark rose, the lip creamy white. variety violacea, Hort. Flowers deeper colored.
(C. guttata variety Leopoldii, Lind. & Reichb. f.). Pseudobulbs 15-30 in. tall, fusiform, 2-3-lvd.: leaves 6-8 in. long, oblong-elliptic: peduncle bearing 10-25 flowers 3-4 in. across; sepals and petals brown, oblong-cuneate, purple-spotted, the lateral sepals somewhat falcate, the petals undulate and a little broader than the sepals; lip strongly 3-lobed, the lateral lobes acute, the front lobe broadly cuneate-obcordate, undulate, bright amethyst-purple, the tube paler, the disk covered with small tubercles and elevated papillate lines. S.Brazil. CO. 15. F.S. 14:1471-2.
Pseudobulbs 1-2 ft. tall, rather stout, cylindric, 2-lvd.: leaves 5-6 in. long, lanceolate-oblong: peduncle bearing 5-9 flowers 3-4 in. across; sepals and petals obtuse, olive-green, red-spotted, the lateral sepals strongly falcate and deflected, the petals obo-vate-oblong, a little wider than sepals, undulate; lip deeply 3-lobed, the tube white externally, internally yellowish or rose, the lateral lobes acute, the terminal lobe white, crimson-papillate, undulate, round-reni-form, emarginate, the long claw yellow, marked with crimson. Guatemala. B.R. 28:1. Gn.M. 9:30. CO. 14. variety Du Buysoniana, Hort. (C. Dubuysoniana, Hort.). Sepals and petals yellow, often spotted with rose. variety Russelliana, Lindl. Leaves broader: flowers larger with broader sepals and petals, the lateral lobes of lip orange-yellow internally, the front lobe spotted with small crimson-purple papillae. Brazil. B.R. 31:59. B.M. 5048. variety Schofieldiana, Veitch. (C. Schofieldiana, Reichb. f.). Sepals and petals yellow-brown, densely spotted with crimson-purple, the lateral lobes of lip cream-white externally, yellow, purple-marked internally, the front lobe with numerous purple-magenta papilla?, and a broad white border.
Brazil. CO. 14a.
(C. elatior, Lindl.). Pseudobulbs 18-30 in. tall, cylindric, 2-lvd.: leaves 5-9 in. long, oblong-elliptic: peduncle bearing 5-10 flowers 3-4 in. across; sepals and petals yellowish green, spotted deep purple, the sepals obtuse, the lateral somewhat falcate, the petals undulate, broader than sepals; lip 3-lobed, the lateral lobes white externally, acute, the front lobe amethyst-purple, obcordate, papillate. S. Brazil. B.R. 1406.
(C. Regnellii, Warner. C. Acldndise variety Schilleriana, Jenn.). Pseudobulbs 5-6 in. tall, clavate, furrowed, 2-lvd.: leaves 2 1/2-6 in. long, oblong-elliptic: peduncle bearing 1-3 flowers 4-5 in. across; sepals and petals olive-green tinted with brown and spotted with black-purple, oblong-ligulate, undulate, especially in the petals; lip a little shorter than the lateral sepals, deeply 3-lobed, the lateral lobes whitish outside, pale yellow marked with purple inside, the front lobe reniform, sessile, crimson, lined and margined with white, undulate, the disk yellow with 5 sunken lines. Brazil. B.M. 5150. F.S. 22:2286. A.F. 6:563. CO. 16.