Ceratopetalum

(Greek, horned petal). Cunonir aceae; by some, Cunoniaceae is included in Saxifragaceae. Greenhouse trees or shrubs.

Glabrous and resinous trees and shrubs: leaves opposite, compound, with 1-3 digitate leaflets: flowers small, white, rose or yellow, in terminal branching cymes or panicles; calyx-tube short, 5-lobed; petals 0, or, if present, laciniate; stamens 10, with connectives: fruit a small and hard achene-like body, with persistent calyx-lobes, 1-seeded. - Two or 3 species, in Austral.

Gummiferum

Smith. Tree, 30-40 ft.: leaflets 3, lanceolate, serrulate, narrowed at base, shining and strongly nerved: petals deeply 3-5-lobed, not exceeding the calyx. - Said to thrive in a peaty soil, and to prop, by cuttings of half-ripened wood under glass. L H B

Ceratotheca

(Greek for horned capsule). Peda-liacese. Tropical African glasshouse herbs.

Leaves opposite, ovate: calyx 5-parted; corolla 2-lipped, the lower lip very long in proportion to the upper: flowers in pairs in the axils: caps. 2-horned. - Five species. C. triloba, Mey., is occasionally grown in S.

Fla., and it may be adapted to glasshouses. It is a tall herb (5 ft.), with the habit of foxglove, probably biennial, hairy and rather fleshy: lower leaves stalked, broadly ovate or almost round, the upper sometimes broadly angular and even 3-lobed, both kinds crenate-dentate: corolla 3 in. long, blue or violet-blue, pubescent, de-flexed, the lower lobe prolonged. Handsome. B.M. 6974. - Could be grown in temperate house N. in sandy loam N. Taylor.†

Cereals

(Ceres, goddess of agriculture). The agricultural grains, properly those of the grass family: maize or Indian corn, kafir, wheat, emmer, spelt, rice, oats, barley, rye, sorghum (for grain); popularly held to include buckwheat, but not accurately so. Consult Vol. II, Cyclo. Amer. Agric.

Cespedesia

(named in honor of Juan Maria Cespedes, priest of Bogota). Ochndcex. Tall handsome glabrous trees, sometimes grown in the juvenile state in hothouses.

Leaves alternate, large, coriaceous, mostly obovate to lanceolate and narrowed at base, entire, or crenate: flowers yellow, showy, in large terminal bractless panicles; sepals 5, small and deciduous; petals 5; stamens 10 to many: fruit a 5-valved caps.; seeds very small. - Species probably 6-10, in S. Amer. and Panama.

Discolor

Bull. Leaves large, lanceolate, drooping, handsomely colored on young growths in bright brown or tan tinted with rose and veined with yellow. Gn. W. 20:618. - A comparatively recent introduced to cult, in England. L. H. B.

Chaerophyllum

(Greek-made name, referring to the agreeably scented foliage). Umbelliferae. Scented herbs, annual, biennial or perennial, glabrous or hirsute, often tuberous-rooted, of 30-40 species in the northern hemisphere, one of which is cultivated Leaves pinnately or ternately decompound, the segments also toothed or cut: flowers small, white, in a compound many-rayed umbel; calyx-teeth 0: carpels with 5 more or less apparent ribs, the beak 0 or much shorter than the body. C. bulbdsum, Linn., of Cent. Eu. and the Caucasus, biennial, is the turnip-rooted chervil. (See Chervil.) stem hairy, at least below, 3-5 ft. tall, branching, swollen below the joints, the root tuberous (and edible): leaves much compound, the ultimate divisions very narrow. L. H. B.