This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(from Greek for copper, as the wood has a copper-colored grain). Murraea of Koenig. Rutacese. Small spineless trees or shrubs, suggested as a stock for citrus fruits.
Leaves pinnate, alternate: flowers large, 4-5-merous, solitary or in terminal or axillary cymes; ovary 1-5-celled, with 1 to several ovules: seeds white, woolly or glabrous, cotyledons aerial in germination: first foliage leaves opposite.
Millsp. (Murrae exotica, Linn.). Orange Jessamine. A small tree with pale bark, twigs and petioles usually puberulous: leaves pinnate; leaflets usually 5-9, ovate, obtuse or obtusely acuminate, often emarginate, dark green above, paler below: flowers fragrant, campanulate, 5-parted; petals white; stamens 10, free; ovary 2-celled, style deciduous: fruit subglobose, 2/5-1/2in. long, pointed, red. 111. Beddome, Outlines Bot., pl. vii., Wight, Ic, pl. Ind. I, pl. 96. - The orange jessamine is commonly grown in greenhouses on account of its abundant and very fragrant flowers These are often to be seen along with the mature red fruit, which makes a striking contrast with the panicles of white flowers and delicate foliage. The root-growth of this species is remarkably vigorous under greenhouse conditions. Lemons can be budded on it and make a rapid growth. It is being tested as a stock for the common citrus fruits in situations in which a vigorous root-system is desired. Walter T. Swingle.