This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(small apple, suggested by the odor of the flowers). Compositae. Under this name one plant is offered. The genus is by many included in Anthemis, however, the sub-group being distinguished by very short or absent pappus, sometimes making a 1-sided border, ray-flowers fertile, and other minor characters. C. caucasicum, Boiss. (Pyrethrum caucasicum, Bieb.), is listed, with white daisy-like flowers about the size of a marguerite, of trailing habit, very free-flowering, recommended for the rockery: perennial, 1-1 1/2 ft., smooth, not strong-scented: stem ascending from a rhizome or procumbent or sub-erect: leaves oblong, pinnatisect, the segments, cut into linear-subulate parts: flower-heads large, terminal; involucre-scales oblong-obtuse, margined. High mts. in the Caucasus; variable.
: Carduus. L H B
(dwarf and flower, from the Greek). Acanthdceae. Three or 4 Brazilian small herbs, allied to Eranthemum, but readily distinguished by the 4 (instead of 2) stamens. Leaves large and membranaceous, entire, variously marked: flowers showy, white or yellow, in bracteate clusters. - Grown chiefly for the beautiful foliage; greenhouse subjects. C. igneum, Regel (Eranthemum igneum, Lind.), is in the American trade. It is a low spreading warmhouse plant (cult, of Eranthemum and Justicia), with dark green leaves, with the veins and sometimes the margins richly banded with orange or yellow: flowers small. F.S. 17:1722.
(J. A. C. Chaptal, 1756-1831, agricultural chemist). Compositse. Low perennial herbs, with white or purplish flowers on naked scapes, blooming in spring and summer: heads radiate, the ray-flowers pistillate, and the disk-As. perfect, but some or all of them sterile; involucre campanulate or turbinate, of appressed and imbricated bracts; pappus of soft capillary bristles: achenes oblong or fusiform, narrowed above, 5-nerved. -Twenty-five American species. The only species in the American trade is C. tomentosa, Vent. (Thyrsdn-thema semiflosculare, Kuntze), of N. C. and south. Of this the scape is 1 ft. or less high, and the heads are purple-rayed: leaves oblong or oblanceolate, more or less remotely denticulate, rather thick, white-tomentose beneath. Intro, as a border plant. B. M. 2257. n. Taylor.†
: Brassica; also Raphanus.
Chavica, kept distinct in part by recent authors, is accounted for under Piper.
: Vernacular for Malva rotundifolia.
(Greek for the swallow: the flowers appear when the swallow comes). Papaveraceae. Celandine Poppy. One or two loose-growing herbs, sometimes seen in old gardens. Plant with flower-buds nodding, and small yellow flowers in small umbel-like clusters; sepals 2; petals 4; stamens 16-24; style very short, the stigma 2-lobed: pod slender, 2-valved, opening first at the bottom. C. majus, Linn., is a European plant, now run wild in waste places, and often seen in old gardens. It is biennial or perennial, with brittle hairy stems and pinnately-parted leaves, the lobes rounded and toothed (or, in variety laciniatum again dissected). The plant has bright orange juice which has been used for removing warts. Herb an old-time remedy, used for its cathartic and diuretic properties, for promoting perspiration, and as an expectorant. Leaves fight glaucous underneath. L. H. B