: Armaria.

Chess, Or Cheat

: Bromus.


: Cicer.


: Cerastium and Stellaria.

Childsia Wercklei

: Hidalgoa.


(a thousand flowers). Loganiacese. Four or 5 S. African trees or shrubs, very closely allied to Buddleia, from which it differs in having stamens exserted from the short tube: leaves opposite, entire or dentate, nearly always tomentose or scaly: flowers very numerous, in dense terminal cymes or panicles; calyx and corolla deeply 4-parted, the latter usually yellowish. Unknown to the American trade. The plants known as Buddleia salicifolia, Jacq., and B. saligna, Willd., are Chilianthus arboreus, Benth. (which is probably identical with C. oleaceus, Burch.).


(Greek, lip-like). Bignoniaceae. One deciduous shrub or low tree, often planted in southern California and other parts.

Allied to Catalpa: differs in having 4 anther-bearing stamens and 1 rudiment, a more trumpet-shaped corolla and with jagged lobes, and leaves linear and often not opposite.


DC (C saligna, Don). Slender-branched, 10-20 ft.: flowers handsome, bignonia-like, in a short terminal raceme; corolla 1-2 in. long, 5-lobed and crimped, the tube and throat lilac, and 2 yellow stripes inside. Dry districts from S. Texas to Calif., and in Mex. - From its narrow-lanceolate or linear leaves, it is known as desert willow; also called flowering willow and mimbres. There is a white-flowered form.

L. H. B


: Meratia.

China Aster

: Aster.


: Melia.

China Wood-Oil

: Aleurites Fordii.

Chinese Lantern Plant

: Physalts.

Chinese Laurel

: Antidesma.

Chinese Sacred Lily

: Narcissus.

Chinkapin, Chinquapin

: Chestnut and Castanea.


(Greek, snow, offspring; referring to the snow-white berries). Ericaceae. Snowberry. Creeping plant, rarely grown in rockeries for the carpeting effect of the evergreen foliage and for the attractive white berries; with small alternate 2-ranked Ivs. and inconspicuous axillary flowers; corolla short-campanulate, 4-cleft; stamens 8, included, with short filaments, anthers opening by a slit: berry white, many-seeded. - Two species in the colder regions of N. Amer. and Japan. Slender trailing evergreens, in appearance much like the cranberry; rarely cultivated Thriving best in moist and peaty soil, in a shaded position, creeping amongst growing moss. Prop, by seeds, by division or by cuttings in Aug. under glass. The American species, C. hispidula, Torr. & Gray (C. serpyllifolia, Salisb.), has hirsute branches and ovate or oval, 1/4- 1/3in. - long ciliate Ivs., greenish white flowers and white berries, 1/4in. across, usually hirsute. Alfred Rehder.


: Hybrids of Chionodoxa and Scilla; consult these genera.


(Hindostani name). Gesneracese. Plants much like gloxinias and streptocarpuses. A genus of 100 species, none of which is in the American trade. They are natives of E. Asia and are herbs or low undershrubs with opposite, often unequal leaves: flowers in shades of purple and blue, tubular, in clusters on the tops of short scapes. for cultivation, see Gloxinia.

C. barbdta, Sprague. Perennial: flowers pedicellate; corolla funnel-shaped, bluish lilac, with yellow band in front. India. B.M. 8200. - C. rupistris, Ridl. Bushy, compact annual. Malay Peninsula. B.M. 8333. - C. sinensis, Lindl., is the best known species and is well worth cultivation It has bright green leaves and scapose cymes of blue and white flowers, the yellow anthers of which add attractiveness. B.R. 30:59. - A variegated form is known.

N. Taylor.†