The more important named varieties are as follows:

Alpha

New Jersey. Bur medium; nuts medium to large, generally three in a bur, dark, of fair quality, ripening very early. Tree upright, very vigorous and productive. Originated in New Jersey from seed of Parry.

Beta

New Jersey. Bur small; nut medium, light brown, smooth, slightly tomentose at tip, good; ripening just after Alpha. Seedling of Parry.

Biddl E

N e w Jersey. First fruited in Maryland. Bur medium; nut large, bright brown, broad, rather thickly tomentose, two to five in a bur; of medium season and fair quality. Tree regular, round-headed, vigorous. Grown from imported seed.

Black (Syn., Dr. Black)

New Jersey. First fruited in Maryland. Bur large; nut medium to large; three to seven in a bur, consequently irregular in shape; dark brown, slightly tomentose, very early and of good quality. Tree round, close-headed, vigorous, productive. Grown from imported seed.

Boone

Villa Ridge, 111. Fig. 917. A hybrid between Giant and a native chestnut. Bur of medium size; nuts large, usually three in a bur; of light brown color, rather heavily tomentose; quality very-good. Tree vigorous, precocious and productive, nuts ripening early. Considered difficult to propagate.

Boone chestnut.

Fig. 917. Boone chestnut.

Coe

California. A large, very sweet variety, but recently disseminated. Tree upright, somewhat spreading. Grown from imported seed.

Felton

New Jersey. First fruited in Delaware. Bur small; nut medium, dark brown, slightly tomentose, rather early and of excellent quality. Tree round-headed and fairly productive. Grown from seed of an imported tree.

Giant

Japan. A trade name, under which a number of varieties have been imported from Japan. See Parry.

Hale (Syn., Eighteen Months)

California. A newly introduced variety, having a large, dark brown nut of excellent quality. Very precocious. Grown from imported seed.

Kent (Syn., Extra Early)

New Jersey. First fruited in Delaware. Bur small, nut medium to large, dark, usually three in a bur; very early, of good quality. Tree round-headed, precocious, productive. Grown from seed of an imported tree.

Kerr

New Jersey. First fruited in Maryland. Bur small; nut medium to large, dark brown, broad, three in a bur, early, and of excellent quality. Tree vigorous, symmetrical, round-headed, very productive. Grown from imported seed.

Killen

New Jersey. First fruited in Delaware. Bur very large; nut very large, broad, light brown, slightly ridged, of excellent quality, midseason. Tree upright, open, spreading, moderately vigorous, productive. The largest chestnut yet brought to notice. Grown from seed of an imported tree.

Mammoth

A trade name for the imported Japanese nuts and trees, not restricted to any particular variety.

Martin (Syn., Col. Martin)

New Jersey. First fruited in Maryland. Bur large; nut large to very large, broad, bright reddish brown, slightly tomentose, three to five nuts in a bur. Midseason; of good quality for cooking. Tree vigorous, open, spreading, productive. Grown from imported seed.

Mcfarland

California. Bur very large; nut large, and of fine quality; early. Tree spreading, very productive. A newly disseminated variety of great promise. Grown from imported seed.

Parry

Japan. Bur very large; nut very large, one to three in a bur, broad, with apex sometimes depressed; dark brown, ridged, of fair quality. Tree moderately vigorous, open, spreading, with large leaves. One of the largest and most beautiful of this group. Selected for propagation as the best of 1,000 imported grafted Japanese chestnuts.

Prolific

Japan. Bur small; nut medium, rather long, striped, three in a bur; early. Tree vigorous, compact, with small narrow leaves.

Reliance

New Jersey. _ Bur medium; nut medium to large, rather long, light brown, ridged; midseason, and of fair quality. Tree dwarfish, spreading, drooping, very precocious and productive; inclined to overbear, and needs thinning. Seedling of Parry. Success. - New Jersey. Bur very large; nut very large, usually three in a bur; midseason; of rather poor quality until cooked. Seedling of Parry. Tree upright, productive.

Superb

New Jersey. Bur large; nut large, broad, brown, usually three in a bur, early, and of fair quality. Tree vigorous and very productive. Seedling of Parry. Wm. A. Taylor.

Chevaliera, Chevalieria, Chevalliera, Che-Vallieria. The species in the American trade are AEchmeas.