Chironia

(classical mythological name). Gen-tianaceae. A dozen or so soft perennial herbs or shrubs of Africa, rarely seen in collections of greenhouse material. Flowers in shades of red and purple, terminal, with a salver-form corolla and short tube: leaves opposite, sessile, on single or branching stems Most of them are from the Cape region.

Chive, Or Chives

(written also Cive). Allium Schoenoprasum, Linn., a perennial plant native to Europe and the northern borders of the United States and northward. See Allium. The leaves of chive are used green as seasoning in soups, salads and stews. Chive grows 6 to 8 inches high, making dense mats of narrow hollow leaves, and blooming freely in violet-colored heads, which scarcely overtop the foliage; bulbs small, oval. The plant makes an excellent permanent edging, and is worth growing for this purpose alone. It is easily propagated by dividing the clumps; but, like other tufted plants, it profits by having the stools broken up and replanted every few years. It rarely seeds. It thrives in any garden soil. The leaves may be cut freely, for they quickly grow again. L. H. B.

Chloranthus

(green flower). Chloranthdceae. Tropical herbs, shrubs or trees, one of which is sometimes grown under glass in the North.

Perennial aromatic herbs or evergreen shrubs, with jointed stems opposite simple leaves, and small, inconspicuous flowers, in slender terminal spikes: perianth represented by a single scale, in the axil of which is the 1-loculed ovary and mostly 3 united stamens (the side stamens sometimes obsolete). - Some 10 species in the eastern tropics. Two other genera (Ascarina and Hedyosmum) comprise the family Chloranthacese, of the pepper-like series of plants.

Brachystachys

Blume. Shrub used for pot-growing, reaching a height of 1-2 ft., bearing glossy foliage and small yellow berries: stamen single in each flower: leaves long-lanceolate, acuminate, serrate. - Tropics and subtropics, Ceylon eastward. There is a variegated-leaved form. l. H. B.

Chloropsis Blanchardiana

: Trichloris.

Chloroxylon

(green wood: Greek). Rutaceae. One species of moderate-sized tree of India, slightly introduced in this country, C. Swietenia, DC. (Swietenia Chloroxylon, Roxbg.). Young parts gray-puberulent: leaves abruptly pinnate, the Ifts. 20-40, oblique and obtuse and entire: flowers small, 5-merous in terminal and axillary pubescent panicles; calyx deeply lobed; petals clawed, spreading; stamens 10; disk a 10-lobed pubescent body, in which the stamens are inserted: fruit a coriaceous 3-celled caps. Heartwood fragrant, with a beautiful satiny luster, whence the name "Indian Satin-wood." An interesting tree for trial on the southern borders of the U. S. L,. H. B.

Chocolate

: Theobroma.

Choisya

(J. D. Choisy, Swiss botanist, 1799-1859). Rutaceae. One Mexican shrub, C. ternata, HBK., grown in S. Calif, and S. Fla., and sometimes under glass. It grows 4-8 ft. high, making a compact free-blooming bush, with opposite ternate leaves, the Ifts. lance-obovate or oblong, thick and entire, with pellucid dots: flowers in a terminal, forking cluster, white, fragrant, orange-like (whence the vernacular name "Mexican orange"), 1 in. across, with pellucid dots. R.H. 1869:330. Gn. .50, p. 203. J.H. III. 34:253. - A handsome shrub, worthy of greater popularity. It will endure several degrees of frost, and should succeed in the open in many of the southern states. Blossoms in S. Calif, at different seasons; it can be made to bloom, it is said, every two months by withholding water and then watering liberally, as is done with roses in S. France. Hardy against a wall in parts of S. England. L H B.