This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(green and milk, from the Greek, referring to the juice of the plant). Liliaceae. Hardy West American bulbs, allied to Camassia.
Tall plants with a tunicated bulb: leaves at base of stem long-linear, wavy-margined, those on the stem very small: flowers white or pink, in a panicle terminating a nearly leafless stem, on jointed pedicels; segments of perianth 6, 3-nerved, at length twisting over the ovary; stamens 6, not exceeding segments; style long and deciduous. Plants of easy cultivation, to be treated like camassias or ornithog-alums. Three species, in Calif.
a. Pedicels nearly as long as the flowers: segments spreading from near the base.
Kunth (Anthericum calij'ornicum, Hort.). Soap-Plant. Amole. stem reaching 5 ft., many-branched, from a very large bulb: flowers small (1 in. or less long) and star-like, numerous, white with purple veins, on spreading pedicels, opening in the afternoon (hence the specific name: pomeridianus, post-meridian). -Bulb used by Indians and Mexicans for soap-making. Has been catalogued as Anthericum californicum. Bulb 4 in. long and half as thick, covered with coarse "brown fibers.
aa. Pedicels very short: segments spreading from above the base.
Wats. Bulb small (1 in. diam.): stem 1-3 ft., slender-branched: leaves narrow and grass-like: flowers pinkish, 1/4in- long; ovary broad and acute.
Kellogg. Low, about 1 1/2 ft. Resembles the last, but flowers white and green-lined and somewhat larger, the ovary acute above; perianth funnel-form campanulate, the segments narrow-oblong.
C. Leichtlinii, Baker=Camassia Leichtlinii. L H B