This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
The edible subterranean tubers of Cyperus escu-lentus, Linn., (which see) much prized in the South. Fig. 959. Chufas are eaten raw or baked, or used for the making of coffee. The plant is sometimes cultivated in the North, but it will not withstand the winter. The tubers are oblong, 1/2 to 3/4 inches long, cylindrical, hard. The plant is grass-like, and in the North does not flower. Tubers are planted in the spring, and the new crop is ready for digging in the fall. It thrives easily in loose and warm soils. The nutty flavor of the hard tubers is very agreeable.
Fig. 959. Chufa-Cyperus esculentus. (X 1/3)
: Bamboo, p. 449, Vol. I.
(old Greek name for a kind of grass). Graminese. Tall perennials with flat leaf-blades. Spikelets 1-flowered, numerous, in nodding panicles, the rachilla prolonged; lemma short-awned below the apex. There are two species, C. arundinacea, Linn., with contracted panicle, the spikelets 2 1/2 lines long, (Dept. Agric, Div. Agrost. 7:140; 20:79) and C. latifolia, Griseb. (C. pendula, Trin.), with open panicle, the spikelets 2 lines long. Both species are native in cooler parts of N. Amer. A. S. Hitchcock.
(origin of name unexplained). Iridaceae. Four tropical American bulbous plants, rarely grown under glass. Allied to Nemastylis: flowers with 6 parts or petals, the inner 3 being much smaller, white or light blue, borne in terminal heads, short-tubed. The only species likely to be in cult, is C. paludosa, Aubl., with white flowers and radical linear-lanceolate leaves; bulb conical-globose. B.M. 646 (as Marica). Prop, by seeds and offsets; to be kept on the dry side through winter.
(from Cirrhus, a tendril). Orchidaceae. About a half-dozen Brazilian orchids, of no special importance, one of which, C. viridipurpurea, Lindl., is sparingly offered abroad, and two or three others of which are mentioned in horticultural literature. Allied to Gongora; cultured as for Cymbidium; warmhouse. Flowers mostly greenish and red (or purple), on long pendulous racemes that arise from base of the pseudobulbs.
(Greek, klados, branch, and anthos, flower; alluding to the branching, which distinguishes this genus from Anthemis). Compositae. An annual yellow-rayed herb, sometimes planted in the open garden. Plant branched from the base in a forking manner; a flower terminates each branch, whereupon 2 new branches start from directly beneath the flower; each of these is temporarily stopped by a flower, and so on: involucre hemispherical; receptacle conical or oblong, with scales about fls; ray-flowers pistillate, disk-As. perfect. - One species; allied to Achillea and Anthemis.
Cass. (C proliferus, DC. Anthemis arabica, Linn.). Glabrous, 2-3 1/2 ft. high: leaves alternate, pin-nately parted; lobes linear, trifid: flower-heads solitary, bracted. S. Spain and Morocco. - A free-flowering heavy-scented plant of easy culture. l H. B.†