31. Meyeniana, Walp

Climbing rapidly; glabrous or slightly pubescent: leaves ternate; leaflets coriaceous, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, cordate or rounded at the base, entire, 2-3 in. long: panicle loose and many-flowered; flowers white, less than 1/2in. across: sepals 4, obtusish; anthers as long or longer than filaments: achenes with long feathery tails. Japan, E. China and Indo-China. Summer. B.M. 7897. - Hardy only in warmer temperate regions.

32. Crassifolia, Benth

Closely allied to the preceding species: climbing; quite glabrous: leaflets thicker, cuneate at the base, usually obtusish; sepals acuminate; anthers shorter than the filaments. Late summer. China. - Suitable for greenhouse, more tender than the preceding.

33. Pavoliniana, Pampanini

Climbing, glabrous: leaves subcoriaceous ternate; leaflets long-petioled, lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, 2-3 in. long: flowers slender-pedicelled, white, 1-1 1/2 in. across in axillary racemes; sepals linear-oblong: achenes fulvous-pubescent, with a long plumose tail. May. Cent. China.

34. Recta, Linn. (C. Erecta, Linn.)

Herbaceous, somewhat tufted, 2-3 ft. long: leaves pinnate; leaflets stalked, ovate, acuminate, entire: flowers numerous, on a large, branching terminal panicle, white, sweet-scented,

1 in. across. June-Aug. S. Eu. Gn52, p. 510; 53 p. 547: 66, p. 152. R.H. 1899, p. 528. G.M 45:866. G W 14 p 561. variety plena, Lemoine. Fully doubled," button-like blossoms. H.F. 1860:13. R.H. 1860, pp 512-13. variety mandshurica, Maxim. (C. ternifiora, DC C. mandchuria, Rupr.). Taller and slenderer: Ifts. 3-5, ovate, subcordate at the base, rarely cuneate, obtuse, reticulate beneath: flowers pure white in axillary and terminal panicles. R.H. 1909, p. 423.

35. Paniculata, Thunb

Figs. 990, 991. A vigorous climber: leaflets 3-5, often lobed, acuminate, 1-4 in. long, glabrous: flowers fragrant, l- 1 1/2ini. across, in axillary and terminal panicles; sepals 4, dull white. Sept. Japan. G.F. 3:621 (adapted in Fig. 990); 5:91; 9:75 and 185. F.R. 2:581; 6:471. Mn. 7:113. Gng. 1:101 and 165 4:161,229; 6:291; 7:246. A.F. 13:1314. M.D.G 1898-487-9. G.W. 11:127. V. 16:18. A.G. 20:847. FE

Clematis paniculate. (X 1/2)

Fig. 990. Clematis paniculate. (X 1/2)

Flower of Clematis paniculata. (X 3/4)

Fig. 991. Flower of Clematis paniculata. (X 3/4)

16:375 gn 57 P155;61 P91- R-H. 1874, p. 465 and 1899, p. 527 (as C. Flammula, robusta): 1902, p. 86 Prop, by seed. By far the most common of the fall-blooming species in American gardens. Thrives best in sunny situations. Will stand severe pruning in winter. 36. Flammula, Linn. (C. Pallasii, J. F. Gmel.). A slender but vigorous climber, reaching 10-15 ft.: leaves usually bipinnate, dark green, remaining fresh till midwinter; leaflets small, ovate, oblong or linear: flowers small, numerous, in axillary and terminal panicles; sepals 4, linear-oblong, white; stamens white: fruit bearing white plumes. Aug. - Oct. Medit. region. Gn. 52, p. 499; 55, p. 114; 58, p. 319; 76, p. 23. Gn. M. 13:347. H.W. 3, p. 14. V. 5:321. - Must have a sunny exposure; very beautiful. variety rubella, Bele (C. rubella, Pers., not Hort.). Differs from the type in having the flowers red outside. variety rotundifolia, DC. (C. fragrans, Tenore). leaflets broader, obtuse: flowers fragrant. S. Eu. R.F.G. 4:62 (4666).

There are hybrids of this species with C. integrifolia for which see No. 5, C. aromatica. and with C. Viticella, see C. violacea under No. 20.

Group Euvitalbae

37. Fargesii, Franch

Climbing, to 20 ft.: leaves pinnate; leaflets 5-7, ovate, incised - serrate, sometimes 3-lobed or 3-parted, nearly glabrous or sometimes sparingly silky-pubescent, particularly beneath, 1-2 in. long: flowers 2 in. across, white, in 3-flowered axillary cymes, long-stalked; sepals 4-6, obovate, finely pubescent outside: achenes glabrous with feathery tails. July. W. China. variety Souliei, Finet & Gag-nep. Flowers larger, 3 in. across, solitary. - A handsome species, resembling C. montana.

38. Apiifolia, Dc

Climbing, to 10 ft.: branchlets pubescent: leaves ter-nate, long-petioled; leaflets usually ovate, coarsely serrate and sometimes 3-lobed or occasionally the terminal ternate, glabrous above, pubescent on the veins beneath: flowers in axillary, many-flowered short cymes, white, about 1/2in. across; sepals pubescent on both sides: achenes pubescent with plumose tails. Sept., Oct. Japan. variety obtusidentata, Rehd. & Wilson. leaflets broader, usually truncate or subcordate at base, less deeply serrate with shallow rounded teeth, more pubescent. Cent. China. - Resembles C. grata in the shape of the leaflets

39. Brevicaudata, Dc

(C. brevi-cordata, Hort.). Climbing vigorously: leaves pinnate to bipinnate; segments ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, coarsely toothed, sometimes nearly entire, nearly glabrous or pubescent: flowers in axillary panicles, white, 1/2-3/4in 3/4in. across: achenes hairy, rarely glabrous, with rather short plumose tails. Aug. - Oct. China. G.F. 5:139. - A very variable species, but little used. variety tenuisepala, Maxim. segments with only 1-3 teeth on each side or sometimes entire: flowers about 1 in. across with glabrous sepals.

40. Grata, Wall

High climbing: young branchlets pubescent: leaves pinnate; leaflets usually 5, broadly ovate, usually cordate at the base, incisely serrate, sometimes 3-lobed, 1-2 in. long, pubescent on both sides or glabrous above: flowers 3/4-1 in. across, creamy white, in large panicles; sepals tomentose outside: achenes densely pubescent, with long feathery tails. Sept., Oct. Himalayas. G.M. 47:642. Gn. 66, p. 365; 71, p. 506. variety lobulata, Rehd. & Wilson. leaflets with coarser and fewer rounded teeth, often 3-lobed or 3-parted, densely pubescent on both sides. Cent. China. variety grandi-dentata, Rehd. & Wilson. leaflets occasionally only 3, incisely dentate, usually rounded at base, glabrescent above, silky pubescent beneath, chiefly on the veins, 2-3 1/2 in. long. Cent. China.