41. Vitalba, Linn

In England called Traveler's Joy. The most vigorous climber of the genus, ascending 20-30 ft.: leaves pinnate; leaflets ovate to ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, cordate at the base, partly cut, 2-3 1/2 in. long: flowers numerous, in axillary panicles, dull white, 3/4in. across, with a faint odor of almonds: styles of fruit long and feathery, from which it is given the name "old man's beard." July-Sept. Eu., N. Africa Caucasus region. Gn. 31, p. 187; 45, p. 389; 53, p. 546. M. D.G. 1898:319. J.H. III. 54:441. H.W. 3, p. 13. - There is a hybrid of this species with C. heracleaefolia, for which see No. 12.

42. Virginiana, Linn

Fig. 992. Climbing 12-15 ft.: leaves ternate; leaflets glabrous, cut-toothed, bases often cordate, 2-3 in. long: flowers white, in leafy panicles, often monoecious or dioecious, about 1 in. across when expanded; plumose styles 1 in. or more in length. July-Sept. Nova Scotia to Ga., westward to Kan. G.W. - F.A. 12. V. 3:19; 9:36. variety Catesbyana, Brit. (C. Catesbyana, Pursh). Leaves somewhat pubescent, often biternate. Southeastern states. introduced 1883.

43. Ligusticifolia, Nutt

Allied to C. virginiana, but having 5-7 leaflets, of firmer texture, rather more pubescent, variable in form and margin, but usually 3-lobed or coarsely toothed, 1-2 in. long: flowers white, 3/4in. across, in terminal and axillary panicles; styles densely silky-pubescent, with long, straight hairs. Aug. Mo. to New Mex. and Brit. Col. introduced 1881. variety califor-nica, Wats., has no marked difference: leaves usually smaller and perhaps more tomentose.

44. Drummondii, Torr. & Gray

Climbing: stem and leaves ashy pubescent: leaves pinnate; leaflets coarsely cleft, with the segments more or less flaring and sometimes toothed, 1/2-1 in. long: flowers dioecious, white, 3/4in. across, in 3-flowered cymes or sometimes solitary; styles becoming 2-4 in. long. Sept. Dry ground, Texas to Ariz.

45. lasiantha, Nutt. Climbing; tomentulose: leaves ternate; leaflets roundish, few-toothed, tomentulose on both sides or glabrous above, 1-2 in. long: flowers 1-3, axillary from scaly buds on last year's branches, white, fragrant, 1 1/2 in. across; sepals tomentose outside: achenes pubescent, with long feathery tails. Spring. Calif.

Group Hexapetalae

46. indivisa, Willd. Large woody climber: leaves ternate, coriaceous; leaflets ovate-oblong to narrow-oblong, subcordate, 1-4 in. long, usually entire: flowers in axillary panicles, white, 2-4 in. across with 6-8 oblong sepals: achenes pubescent with a long plumose tail. New Zeal. - Only the following variety seems to be in cultivation: variety lobata, Hook. leaflets more or less lobed or even 3-parted. B.M.4398. R.H. 1853: 241. F.S. 4:402. Gn. 12:400; 41, p. 336; 53, p. 547; 74, p. 527; 77, p. 67. H.F. 1853:144. G.C. III. 29:215; 38:135. G.M. 50: 267. G. 8:289; 32:281-3. J.H. 111.62:387. A.F.13:879;16:56; 30:221. Gng. 16:199; 8:356. G.F. 6:167. - Only for warm or temperate regions, often cult, as a greenhouse plant and flowering profusely in winter and early spring.

Group Orientales

47. Orientalis, Linn

(C. graveolens, Lindl.). A rapid climber, reaching 12-15 ft.: leaves thin, glaucous and shiny, pinnate; leaflets 3-parted or -lobed, with small, ovate or oblong-ovate, entire or cut-toothed divisions 1/2-1 1/2 in. long: flowers in few-fid. cymes, sometimes solitary, becoming erect or nearly so, 11/2 in. across; sepals 4, yellow, tinted with green, pubescent on both sides, spreading, somewhat reflexed; styles plumose. Aug., Sept. Himalaya region to Persia. Lav. 21. B.M. 4495. Gn. 31, p. 186; 45:240; 52, p. 501. F.S. 4:3746 (pl. 336); 6:548. R.H. 1855:321; 1899, p. 530. J.F. 2:128. P.F.G. 2, p. 67. Gng. 5:227. V. 3:362.

48. Glauxa, Willd

(C. orientalis variety glaiica, Maxim.). Slender climber, glabrous: leaves pinnate, very glaucous; leaflets usually oblong, obtusish, entire or sometimes 3lobed or 3-parted, 1-2 in. long: flowers yellow, open, campanulate, nodding, 1 1/2 in. across, in few-flowered axillary cymes; sepals quite glabrous inside and nearly so outside, not reflexed: achenes with long plumose tails. Aug. - Oct. Siberia to W. China. R.H. 1890, p. 561. - Hardier than the preceding species. variety akebioides, Rehd. & Wilson. leaflets usually 3-lobed with broad rounded lobes often coarsely crenate, about 1 in. long: flowers usually in 3's, rarely solitary. W. China. variety angustifolia, Ledeb. (C. in-tricdta, Bunge). leaflets usually 3-parted with narrow generally linear-lanceolate segments Mongolia.

49. Tangutica, Kor-Shinsky

(C. orientalis variety tangUtica, Maxim. C. eridpoda, Koehne, not Maxim.). Climbing to 10 ft.: young branchlets slightly villous or nearly glabrous: leaves green, pinnate; leaflets oblong-lanceolate or lanceolate, acuminate, irregularly serrate with spreading teeth, sometimes 3-lobed or 3-parted, 1-3 in. long: flowers solitary, bright yellow, nodding, 3 m. across; sepals glabrous, except at the margin, acuminate or obtusish: achenes with very long plumose tails. June, sometimes again in Aug. Mongolia to W. China. B.M. 7710. R.H. 1902:528. G.W. 14, p. 651. - Very handsome with its showy bright yellow flowers and later in summer with its large heads of feathery fruits; hardy.