This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(C. coccinea, Engelm. C. Viorna variety coccinea, Gray). Climbing, to 6 ft.; glabrous: leaves glaucescent, subcoriaceous; leaflets broadly ovate, often obtuse, subcordate, 1 1/2-3 in. long: flowers solitary, pitcher-shaped, nodding, carmine or scarlet, glabrous outside: achenes with plumose style, 1-2 in. long, glabrous at the tip. Texas. Lav. 19. B.M. 6594. Gn. 19:284. G.W. 10, p. 498. G.C. II. 15:403. W.G.Z. 2:111. F. 1880, p. 115. Gt. 32:86. R.H. 1878:10; 1888:348. - -Much superior to the preceding because of its beautiful flowers Some of the garden hybrids of this species, which have been classed under C. pseudo-coccinea, Schneid. (x C. Jackmanii), are found under the names: Countess of Onslow, deep scarlet. Gn. 57, p. 376. M.D.G. 1898:481. G.M. 37:381. G.C. III. 16:9. Countess of York, white, tinted with pink. Duchess of Albany, clear pink. Gn. 52:304. See also No. 6 for hybrid forms of C. crispa with this species and No. 7 for a hybrid with C. Simsii.
Climbing, to 15 ft.; sparingly pubescent: leaves pinnate; leaflets usually ovate, to ovate-oblong, acute, glabrous or pubescent beneath and ciliate, 1 1/2-2 1/2 in. long, the terminal one usually wanting: flowers on rather short villous pedicels, nodding, urceolate, about 1 in. long; sepals with recurved tips, densely brownish pubescent outside, violet inside: pubescence of achenes and plumose tails fulvous. June-Aug. E. Siberia, Japan. Lav. 20. variety violacea, Maxim. (C. janthina, Koehne). Less pubescent: flowers violet. Gt. 13:455.
(C. tubulosa, Hook.). Stout, erect, woody only at the base: leaves ternate, large, bright green; leaflets broadly ovate, rounded at the base, slightly pubescent, mucronately toothed, 4-6 in. long: flowers numerous, in corymbs, either axillary or terminal, polygamous, tubular in form, with 4 light blue sepals, becoming reflexed; peduncles and pedicels downy; recurved stigmas club-shaped. Aug., Sept. China. M. & J. 17. B.M. 4269; 6801 (as variety Hookeri). P.M. 14:31. F.S. 3:195. R.H. 1858, p. 42. - Prop, by root division. variety' Davidiana, Hemsl. (C. Davidiana, Decne.). About 4 ft. high, hardly strong enough to stand without support: leaves usually cuneate at the base, nearly glabrous: flowers brighter blue, fragrant, in clustered heads, 6-15 together, and also singly or clustered in the leaf - axils. R.H. 1867, p. 90. Gn. 31, p. 145; 45, p. 241; 49, p. 99; 68, p. 273. G.M. 37:48. G.W. 6, p. 124. Mn. 9:76. A.F. 25:1055. variety ichangensis, Rehd. & Wilson. leaflets broad at the base, sparingly pubescent above, densely beneath: achenes densely villous.
A hybrid of this species is C. Jouiniana, Schneid. (variety Davidiana x C. Vitalba). Half-climbing, to 6 ft.: flowers in large panicles, bluish white, first tubular with the sepals finally spreading. G.C. III. 51:34. Another hybrid is C. Davidiana hybrida, Lem. (variety Davidiana x C. stans) of which Lemoine advertises several named forms varying from light to deep blue; very floriferous.
(C. heracleaefolia variety stans, Hook.). Herbaceous, upright, to 6 ft.: branches grayish pubescent: leaflets broadly ovate, lobed and coarsely toothed, more or less pubescent: flowers m terminal panicles sometimes 2 ft. long and in axillary clusters, whitish or bluish white, tubular, with revolute sepals, less than 1/2in. long, dioecious. Sept., Oct. Japan. B.M. 6810. - Used chiefly because of the striking foliage and its late-blooming qualities. variety Lavallei, Schneid. (C. Lavallei, Decne.). Flowers 1/2-3/4in. long, monoecious.
Slender woody climber: leaves pinnate; leaflets ovate-oblong or lanceolate, deeply 3-5-fobed, rarely entire, 1-3 in. long: flowers nodding in many-flowered panicles, yellowish white, tubular, 1/2-3/4in. long, pubescent outside; filaments silky pubescent below the middle: achenes silky with plumose tails. July-Oct. Himalaya. variety thyrsoidea, Rehd. & Wilson. Climbing to 20 ft.: leaflets broadly ovate, usually cordate at the base, silky pubescent beneath: panicles larger and more compact, on upright stout peduncles 3-6 in. long. W.China. G.C. III. 48:310. Gn. 75, p. 557 (as C. nutans). R.H. 1905, p. 438 (as C. Buchaniana vitifolia). See page 3567.
Climbing, to 12 ft.: young growth viscid: leaves pinnate with 3-foliolate or 3-fid segments; leaflets ovate to ovate-lanceolate, long-acuminate, serrate, glabrous or sparingly pubescent on both sides, 1 1/2-2 1/2 in- long: flowers axillary, solitary or in 3's on stalks 1-3 in. long, campanulate, reddish purple, about 3/4in. long; sepals with recurved tips, as long as the stamens. Aug. - Oct. Cent. and W. China.
Slender, climbing: leaves bipinnate, pubescent; leaflets finely cut, usually unequally 3-lobed and deeply incisely serrate with obtusish mu-cronulate narrow lobes, 1/3-3/4in- long: flowers 1-3, axillary, on slender stalks, whitish, tubular, 3/4in. long; sepals with recurved tips: achenes pubescent with long plumose whitish tails. Aug., Sept. Mongolia, Manchuria. variety latisecta, Maxim. leaflets larger, to 1 1/2 in. long with oval or oblong rounded lobes. Gt. 10:342. B.M. 6542. Gn. 6, p. 423; 31, p. 186; 45, p. 241. R.H. 1869, p. 10. - This is the form usually cultivated; the type with much more finely divided foliage is very rare in cultivation