24. Patens, Morr. & Decne

(C. caerulea, Lindl. C. azurea, Hort., ex Turcz.). Taller and more slender, and leaflets smaller and narrower than C. lanuginosa: flowers appearing on last year's branches on slender stalks longer than the sepals, spreading; sepals about 8, rather narrow, delicate lilac; stamens purple. Spring. Isle of Nippon, Japan. M. & J. 3. Lav. 2 and 3. B.R. 23:1955. P.M. 4:193. B. 3:126. H.B. 4:78. R.H. 1856:261. - Should be grown on a northern exposure to preserve the color of the flowers It is almost as prolific as C. lanuginosa in producing garden varieties and hybrids, and it is the most likely of all to produce double-flowered forms. variety grandiflora, Davis (C. caeru-lea variety grandiflora, Hook.). Flowers larger than the type. B.M. 3983. variety Standishii, Moore (C. Standishii, Hort.). Flowers about 5 in. across; sepals light lilac-blue, elliptic, of metallic luster: leaflets 3, ovate, acuminate, small. - A fine variety from Japanese gardens flowering profusely in spring.

The following other garden varieties or crosses belong here:

Mrs. James Baker. Sepals nearly white, ribbed with dark carmine. Miss Bateman, Noble. Flowers more compact than the type, 6 in. across; sepals ovate, shortly acuminate, pure white, with cream-colored bars; anthers brown. Probably of hybrid origin; allied to variety Standishii. Stella, Jackman. Flowers not so large as the last; sepals deep mauve, with a red bar down the center of each. F.S. 22:2341. Amalia, Sieb. Sepals 6 or more, oblong-lanceolate, light lilac. From Japanese gardens. F.S. 10:1051. Lord Lanesborough, Noble. Sepals bluish lilac, each with a metallic purple bar. - A good variety to gradually force to blossom in the greenhouse by March. Lady Lanesborough, Noble. Sepals silver-gray, the bar being lighter colored. - It will blossom in March in the greenhouse. Marie, Simon-Louis. Flowers darker than the type. Mrs. G. Jackman, Jackman. Sepals blush-white with indistinct wine-red bars. Gn. 16:128. The Queen, Jackman. Flowers rather compact, the sepals being broader than the type. John Murray, Jackman. Habit and foliage bolder than the type: flowers somewhat later. Gn. 46:32. Fair Rosamond, Jackman. Sepals apiculate, broader than the type, and of the same color. F.S. 22:2342. Gn. 16:128. Countess of Lovelace, Jackman. Flowers double, blue-violet; sepals much imbricated.

In the second crop of blooms the flowers are single, as is often the case in other double varieties. Albert Victor, Noble. F1b. much like the type, but large and more compact. -Suitable for forcing under glass. Duchess of Edinburgh, Jackman. Flowers double, white, strongly imbricated. Marcel Moser, Moser. Flowers 7 in. across; sepals 8, mauve with a reddish violet bar. J. 1897:104; 1900, p. 85. Nelly Moser, Moser. Flowers 5 in. across; sepals 8, mauve-pink, with a darker red bar. R.H. 1898:236. Louis van Houtte, Hort. Semi-double, rosy white. Vesta, Endl. Sepals gray; anthers red. Gt. 39:1333. Gn. 9:408. R.B. 6:193. Helena, Sieb. Flowers pure white, with yellow stamens. F.S. 11:1117. I.H. 1:21. R.H. 1855:341. Louisa, Sieb. Flowers pure white, with purple stamens. F.S. 10:1052. monstrdsa, Planch. Flowers semi-double, pure white. F.S. 9:960. R.H. 1856:9. Sophia, Sieb. Sepals deep lilac-purple on the edges, with light green bars. F. S. 8:852. I.H. 1:21. B.H. 4:97. R.H. 1855:461. violacea, Lem. Flowers violet-blue; stamens yellow.

I.H. 7:254.

Some double-flowered varieties which possibly belong here are: Snowdrift, with white, very double flowers Gn. 49, p. 189. M.D.G. 1898:496. Ostrich Plume, also white and very double with narrower wavy sepals. M.D.G. 1898:496. Waverly, blue, semi-double. M.D.G. 1898:497.

Hybrids of this species are the following: C. Guascoi, Lem. (XC. Viticella). Branches pubescent: leaflets 5, nearly glabrous: flowers solitary, violet-purple, 3 in. across, with 4-6 sepals, strongly 3-nerved, tomentose outside. J.H. 4:117. I.H. 7:226. - C. franco-furtensis. Lav., supposed to be a hybrid of C. Jackmanii (C. hakonensis) and C. patens, is hardly different. Lav. 7 bis. - C. lanuginosa X C. patens, see the preceding species. - C. florida X C. patens. oome believe that C. patens variety Standishii represents this cross.

Section Vitalba - Group Clrrhosae

25. cirrh&sa, Linn. Climbing, to 10 ft.; glabrous: leaves persistent, slender-petioled, simple, ovate to ovate-oblong, crenately serrate, 1-1 1/2 in. long: flowers 1-2 on the old wood, axillary, whitish, open campanulate, nodding, 1 1/2 in. across, with a short involucre below the sepals: achenes with long plumose tail. Spring.

5. Eu., Asia Minor. B.M. 1070. L.B.C. 19:1806. - Tender, only for warmer temperate regions.

26. balearica, Rich. (C. calycina, Ait.). Closely allied to the preceding: leaves ternate; leaflets incisely serrate, often deeply 3-lobed, 1/2-l in. long: flowers greenish yellow, spotted red inside. Spring. S. Eu. Asia Minor. R.H. 1859, p. 190; 1874, p. 289. G.C. II. 9:500. Gn.

6, p. 425; 31, p. 187; 45, p. 240. L.B.C. 8:720. B.M. 959. - Tender.

Group Montana

27. Gracilifolia, Rehd. & Wilson

Climbing, to 10 ft.: leaves deciduous, pinnate; leaflets 5-7, ovate to oblong-ovate, cuneate at the base, coarsely serrate, pubescent, about 1/2in. long: flowers 1-4, axillary, fascicled, white, 1-1 1/2 in. across, on slender stalks 1-2 in. long; sepals 4, spreading, obovate to oblong-obovate: achenes glabrous, with long plumose tail. June. W. China. - Very graceful and floriferous species; has proved hardy at the Arnold Arboretum.

28. Montana, Buch. - Ham

(C odordta, Hort., not Wall.). A vigorous climber, often reaching a height of 15-20 ft.: leaves ternate, with oblong-acuminate cut-toothed leaflets: flowers several in each axil, following each other in succession of time, resembling white anemone blossoms, sweet-scented; sepals 4, elliptic-oblong, 1 in. long, spreading, becoming pink; stamens conspicuous, yellow: achenes glabrous with plumose tails. May. Himalaya region. B.R. 26:53. M. & J. 8. Gn. 30, p. 309; 49, p. 39; 51, p. 349; 60, p. 79; 68, p. 379; 75, p. 371. A.G. 19:391. R.H. 1856:161; 1899, p. 529. G.C. III. 18:303; 20:589. M.D.G. 1902:423. Lav. 22. J.H. 111.49:533. G. 27:237. G.M. 38:661;46:121; 51:319. variety grandiflora, Hook. (variety anemoniflora, Kuntze). Flowers larger, 3-4 in. across. B.M. 4061. M.D.G. 1902: 422. G. 34:477. variety rubens, Wilson. Foliage reddish, particularly when unfolding: flowers pink or light pink. June. R.H.1909:35. R.B. 33:232. F.S.R. 3:252. Gn. 77, p. 84. G.M. 50:395; 54:168. J.H. III. 59:325. -Offsprings of a cross between this variety and the. preceding are: variety lilacina, Lemoine, with bluish lilac flowers G. 34:345. variety perfecta, Lemoine, and variety undu-lata, Lemoine, with bluish white very large flowers variety Wilsonii, Sprague (C. repens, Veitch, not Finet & Gagnep.). leaflets ovate, usually rounded or subcordate at the base, puberulous on the veins beneath; sepals obovate-oblong, 3/4-1 in. long: flowers in July and Aug., nearly 2 months later than the type.

B.M. 8365. M.D.G. 1912:26. R.B. 35:108. See page 3567.

29. Spooneri, Rehd. & Wilson (C. Montana variety Sericea, Franch.)

Climbing, to 20 ft.: leaves ternate; leaflets ovate or oval, usually rounded at the base, with 1 or few teeth on each side, silky pubescent above and beneath, 1-3 in. long: flowers 1 or 2, white, 3-4 in. across on pedicels 3-6 in. long; sepals broadly obovate, densely pubescent outside: achenes pubescent, with long plumose tail. Spring. W. China. - Beautiful species; has proved fairly hardy at the Arnold Arboretum.

Group Rectae

30. Armandii, Franch

Climbing, to 15 ft.: leaves ternate, evergreen, glabrous; leaflets ovate to ovate-oblong, acuminate, rounded or subcordate at the base, entire, 4-5 in. long, coriaceous: flowers white, 1-2 1/2 in. across, with oblong-obovate sepals, in loose axillary cymes in the axils of last year's branches, with persistent bud-scales at the base: achenes hairy, with long plumose tails. April, May. Cent, and W. China. G.C. III. 38: 30. R.B. 35, p. 281. R.H. 1913, p. 65. variety Farquha-nana, Rehd. & Wilson. Flowers light pink, large, about 2 in. across: leaflets oblong-ovate. - This handsome species is like the following 3 species, adapted only for warmer temperate regions.