(after Dr. Francis Clifton, an English physician, d. 1736). Cyrillaceae. Buckwheat Tree. Glabrous evergreen shrub or small tree, rarely cultivated for its early appearing racemes of white or pinkish fragrant flowers: leaves alternate, short-petioled, without stipules, entire: flowers in terminal racemes; sepals and petals 5-8; stamens 10, shorter than the petals, the filaments flattened below; ovary superior, 3-4-celled, with a 3-4-lobed nearly sessile stigma: fruit indehiscent, ovoid, with 3-4 wings and as many seeds. The only species is C. monophylla, Sarg. (C ligustrina, Spreng. C. nitida, Gaertn. Mylocdryum ligustrinum, Sims). Occasionally 50 ft. tall: leaves oblong-lanceolate, obtuse, cuneate at the base, dark green above, l 1/2-2 in. long: racemes 1-2 1/2 in. long; flowers white or pinkish, fragrant, about 1/3 in. across: fruit 1/4in. long. Feb., March; fruit in Aug., Sept. Ga. to Fla. and La.; swamps. S.S. 2:52. B.M. 1625. - Little known in cultivation and now not in the trade, but well worth cultivation for its early, delicate and fragrant flowers; also the buckwheat-like fruits are attractive. Hardy as far north as Philadelphia. Thrives best in humid sandy and peaty soil.

Propogation by seeds and probably like Cyrilla by cuttings of half-ripened wood under glass with slight bottom heat.

Alfred Rehder.


Climbers are distinguished from twiners by having some means of attachment, as tendrils or other special devices, while twiners rise by twisting their stems round their support. In a wider sense, the word is often used synonymously with "vines," including all plants that use other plants or other objects for support, by whatever mechanism or method. By "trailers," nurserymen commonly mean low-growing vines, and by "climbers," tall-growing vines. See Vines.