This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(Greek klytos, splendid or beauteous, and stoma mouth; alluding to the beautiful flowers). Bignoniaceae. Ornamental vines, grown for their beautiful flowers.
Evergreen shrubs, climbing by leaf-tendrils: leaves opposite, with 1 pair of short-stalked entire leaflets, the rachis elongated into a slender simple tendril, sometimes wanting: flowers in 2's, axillary, or terminal or in panicles; calyx campanulate with 5 small or subulate teeth; corolla funnelform-campanulate with imbricate rounded lobes; stamens 4, with spreading anther-cells; disk short; ovary conical, warty, 2-celled, with the ovules in 2 rows: caps. compressed, prickly, sep-ticid, with numerous nearly orbicular winged seeds. - About 8 species in S. Amer., usually described under Bignonia in horticultural writings. Closely related to Bignonia, from which it differs chiefly in its simple slender tendrils, the short disk, the small or subulate calyx-teeth and the prickly pod. Suited for cultivation in subtropical or tropical regions only, or as a stove plant in the N. For cultivation and propogation, see Bignonia.
Bur. & Schum. (Bignonia callisteg-ioldes, Cham. B. speciosa, Graham. B. picta, Lindl. B. Lindleyi, DC). Large climber: leaflets elliptic-oblong, acuminate, undulate, glabrous, lustrous, reticulate below, about 3 in. long: flowers on 2-flowered terminal peduncles; calyx campanulate, with subulate teeth; corolla pale purple, streaked, about 3 in. long, the tube yellowish streaked purplish, limb 2-3 in. broad, with the lobes spreading, broadly oval, obtuse and wavy; disk crenate. Spring and early summer. S. Brazil, Argentina. B.M. 3888. B.R. 28:45. H.U. 3:227. P.M. 10:125. F.S. 9:907. - Will stand a little frost, when grown in the open in the S.
Rehd. (Bignonia purpurea, Lodd.). Large climber: leaflets sometimes 3, ovate-oblong or obovate-oblong, short-acuminate, bright green above, paler below, entire, occasionally toothed, about 3 in. long: flowers on axillary 2-9d. peduncles or sometimes in clusters; calyx tubular-campanulate, with short triangular teeth; corolla mauve-colored with white eye, with a rather slender tube 1 in. long, lobes spreading, orbicular-obo-vate. Uruguay. B.M. 5800. G.C. III. 24:399.