(Greek, cochlear, a spoon; referring to the leaves). Cruciferae. More or less fleshy seaside small herbs, including scurvy-grass and related things; scarcely cultivated.

Annual or perennial: leaves simple: flowers small, white, yellowish or purplish, in racemes: fruit an inflated silicle, with very convex valves, the seeds several in each cell and usually 2-rowed. - About 15 species in Eu. and N. Amer. Formerly the horse-radish was referred here, but it is now placed by some in Radicula, by others in Roripa, and by still others in Nasturtium.

Cochlearia danica.

Fig. 1010. Cochlearia danica.


Linn. Scurvy-Grass. Hardy biennial, 2-12 in. high, but cult, as an annual: root-leaves petioled, cordate; stem - leaves oblong, more or less toothed and sometimes with a short-winged petiole: flowers early spring; calyx-lobes erect. Arctic regions. - Prop, by seed, which is small, oval, slightly angular, rough-skinned, reddish brown. The germinating power lasts 4 years. The green parts of the plant are strongly acrid, and have a tarry flavor. The seed is sown in a cool, shady position, where the plants are to stand. The leaves are rarely eaten as salad, but the plant is mostly grown for its anti-scorbutic properties. Not to be confounded with water-cress.


Linn. Fig. 1010. Annual, scarcely 6-8 in. high: leaves rounded, kidney-shaped, scarcely 1 in. long in large specimens, usually much smaller. North temperate and arctic regions. L.B.C. 15:1482. - It is covered in early summer with a profusion of small white flowers A valuable plant for ornament northward.

N. Taylor.†