Used in England to mean a small, green, half-wild, inferior apple. It is used in distinction to grafted or dessert fruit. It is about equivalent to the American popular use of the word "crab." The word is also used in England as the name of a particular variety or group of varieties, as Keswick Codlin. The word codlin is known in America only in connection with the apple-worm insect, the codlin-moth. Sometimes written Codling.


(Greek for bellfiower). Gesneraceae. A dozen or more trailing or scandent herbs or sub-shrubs of Brazil, Guiana, Cent. Amer., and W. Indies, 1 or 2 of which may be found in choice collections of stove plants. Plants with long branches, opposite entire and fleshy or thick mostly small leaves, and whitish flowers borne singly in the axils: corolla with a declined or curved tube, the throat broad or open, and the limb with 5 rounded nearly equal lobes, exceeding the 5 narrow lobes of the calyx; stamens attached in corolla-tube, not exserted: fruit berry-like. C. gracilis, Hanst., with creamy white spotted orange flowers and leaves often blotched red beneath, is the species most likely to be seen. Cult, of Gesneria and similar things. L. H. B.


: Coffea.

Coffee Berry

A name of Glycine hispida, which should be abandoned in favor of soybean. Various leguminous seeds are used as coffee substitutes and are so named; cf. Cassia, Canavalia and others.

Coffee Pea

A western name for chick pea, Cicer arietinum, which is used as a substitute for coffee.


: Gymnocladus.


: Actsea. The blue cohosh is Caulophyllum.


: Attalea Cohune; it is a source of oil.


: Fiber of coconut, which see.


(Greek, parasite). Orchiddcese. Epiphytic orchids, much like Lycaste.

Pseudobulbous: flowers in an upright raceme, arising from the base of the new shoot; sepals and petals similar, the lateral sepal forming a distinct foot with the base of the column; lip 3-lobed, clawed, with a transverse hairy process; pollinia4. - A Brazilian genus of 2 species.


Lindl. (Maxillaria Jugosa, Lindl

Lycdste jugosa, Benth.). Pseudobulbs ovoid, 2-3 in. long, 2-lvd.: leaves 5-9 in. long, lanceolate: raceme 2-3-flowered; flowers 2-3 in. across; sepals white, obtuse, oval-oblong; petals white, obovate-oblong, spotted and barred with violet-purple; lip white, shorter than petals, the side lobes streaked violet-purple, the middle lobe semi-circular, with numerous pubescent keels, streaked and blotched violet-purple. B.M. 5661. I.H. 19:96.

C. tripterus, Rolfe. Ovary 3-winged; disk of lip bearing a broad fleshy callus. Brazil.

George V. Nash.


An unheated covered frame (see Frame) used (1) for the starting of plants in spring in advance of settled weather but not so early as in a hotbed; (2) for receiving plants from a hotbed or greenhouse, holding them as an intermediate station until they may go in the field; (3) carrying hardy plants over winter, as spinach, lettuce; (4) providing a general store-place for hardy or semi-hardy stuff from greenhouse and garden; (5) affording a propagating-bed in spring and summer for seeds or cuttings. Usually the coldframe is topped with glass, as is the hotbed, but prepared paper or cloth is sometimes used. Coldframes are usually of temporary construction. l H. B.