This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(from Copernicus). Palmaceae, tribe Corypheae. Tall fan-palms with their trunks frequently thickened above the base.
Leaves flabellate, the petiole often with small spines; the small young leaves usually undivided, the older much cut palmately: spadix very much branched, the flowers single upon it or in small clusters; calyx tubular, more or less deeply 3-toothed: fruit globose or ovoid, 1-seeded. -Species about 8, all confined to tropical Amer. C. cerifera is a valuable economic plant, the wood being among the hardest known, and the leaves being the source of a valuable wax. for cultivation, see Corypha. G.C. II. 24:362. Beccari, Le Palme Americane, tribe Cory-phea?, 1907.
Mart. Carnauba Palm. stem 30-35 ft., with a small swelling near the base: leaves 3-4 ft. wide, nearly round; rachis none; petiole convex below, concave above, the margins with rather thick spines: spadix erect or spreading, 5-6 ft. long and thrice branched; flowers in clusters on the spathe. tropical S. Amer. - Not well known in the trade; see Livistona.
C. australis, Becc, a recently described species, said to be more hardy than C. cerifera, has been cult, at Riverside, Calif. Taller, 60-80 ft.; infloresence densely woolly tomentose.