This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(Greek, a broom, in allusion to its bushy habit). Empetraceae. Broom Crowberry. Two species of low heath-like shrubs from E. N. Amer. and S. W. Eu. and the Atlantic Isls., of which the American species is rarely cultivated in botanical collections. Closely allied to Empetrum and differing chiefly in the apetalous flowers arranged in terminal heads, and in their upright bushy habit. cultivation and propogation like Empetrum. C. Conradii, Torr., is a much-branched shrub, to 2 ft. high, with crowded linear leaves about 1/5in. long: flowers inconspicuous, in terminal heads, the staminate with long exserted purple stamens: fruit a small berry-like drupe, usually with 3 nutlets. H.I. 6:531. Hardy N. - C. album, D. Don, has obtuse leaves with revolute edges and resinous dots: flowers pink: fruit white to purple. S. W. Eu., Azores. Alfred Rehder.
(ancient name, transferred). Primlaceae. Two low thyme-like herbs of S. Eu., sometimes planted in rock-gardens, but apparently not in the trade. Leaves small, alternate, linear, spreading or recurved, the margin revolute: flowers lilac or rose-purple, in terminal densely-flowered racemes. C. monspeliensis, Linn., of the Medit. region, is 6 in. high, much branching and spreading, the stems thickly covered with the little narrow leaves
: Lychnis Githago.
: Cornus mas.
: Centaurea Cyanus.
Corn Poppy of Europe is the weed of the grain fields from which some of the garden poppies have been raised, Papaver Rhoeas.
(from the native name). Cornaceae. Evergreen shrubs, adapted to outdoor planting in the S. Upright, with tortuous or straight branches and black bark: leaves alternate or fascicled, stalked, entire: flowers perfect, small, yellow, in axillary or terminal clusters; calyx-tube top-shaped, the limb 5-lobed; petals 5, each with a scale at base; stamens 5: fruit an ovoid or oblong 1-2-celled drupe. Three or four species in New Zeal. C. Cotoneaster, Raoul, is offered abroad as a bush of curious growth, very attractive when covered with its very small yellow star-like flowers: rigid, densely branched, 4-8 ft., the branches crooked and interlaced, tomentose: leaves 1 in. or less long, the blade orbicular to obovate or oblong-ovate, obtuse or emarginate, shining above, flat_ stalked. B.M. 8425. I.T. 2:73. L. H B
(Greek, describing the club-shaped style). Violaceae. A monotypic genus of woody climbers, with alternate leaves and terminal racemes of long-stalked violet-like flowers C. Hybanthus, Mart. & Zucc. (Calyptrion Aubletii, Ging. Corynostylis Aubletii, Hort.), is native of tropical Amer. The leaves are 2-5 in. long, ovate, or orbicular, bright green, serrate: flowers white, in axillary showy racemes which are contiguous along the stem, long-spurred, 2 or 3 times as large as a violet, the spur half-twisted. F.S. 21:2213. B.M. 5960-A handsome, vigorous warmhouse climber, and cultivated in the open in S. Calif. Prop, by cuttings and seeds.