This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(name refers to some reputed virtue, as an eye remedy, of one of the species). Tiliacese. Shrubs or herbs of the tropics, two of which supply jute.
The jute plants are C. capsularis Linn, and C. olitor-ius, Linn. The latter differs from the C. capsularis in having an elongated, not semi-globose, pod. B.M. 2810. They are annual plants, natives of Asia but cult, throughout the tropics, growing 10-12 ft. high, with a straight stem as thick as the little finger and branched only at the top. Flowers small, yellow, with 4-5 glandless petals and a slender caps., or sometimes the caps, is globose. The young shoots of both are used as pot herbs. C. olitorius is much grown for this purpose in Egypt, and is known as Jews' mallow. Jute is made from the fibrous bark of these and other species of Corchorus. It is released from the stems by retting in stagnant pools. See Cyclo. Amer. Agric, Vol. II, pp. 282, 507.
C. Baloldacii, Fedde, has very recently been mentioned in foreign horticultural literature. It is described as a perennial, woody at the base: leaves linear-elliptic, pilose above and white-tomentose beneath: flowers solitary, axillary and minute. Italian Somaliland.
The corchorus of trade lists is likely to be Kerria.