This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(D. indivisa, Hort. D. calocoma, Wend.) Fig. 1053; 359, Vol. I. Arborescent, 15-40 ft. high: leaves densely rosulate, 1 1/2-3 ft. long, 1 1/2-21/2 in. wide; base 6-12 lines wide, acuminate, green; midrib firm, indistinct, nerves on each side of it 12-20, scarcely oblique: panicle drooping or erect, terminal, ample; pedicels very short; bracteoles deltoid, 1/2 line long; perianth white, 3-4 lines long; tube short, campanulate, segments nearly equal, recurved: berry white or bluish-white; mature seeds often solitary. New Zeal. B.M. 5636. G.C. III. 23:153. Gn. 47, p. 312; 48, p. 197. I.H. 35:40 (as variety Doucetiana); 37:114 (as variety Dal-leriana); 40:190 (as C. lineata variety purpurascens). S.H. 1, p. 487. - Coolhouse, vases. variety aurea-striata, Hort. Variegated with a number of longitudinal yellow stripes. variety atropurpurea, Hort. Base of If. and under side of midrib purple. variety lineata, Hort. Leaves broader, the sheathing base stained with purple. variety Veitchii, Hort. (D. Veltchii, Hort.). Base of If. and under side of midrib bright crimson. C. Hookeri, Hort., was a garden form of this species. - Much of the C. indivisa of the American trade has been, in the past, C. australis.
Known as "cabbage tree" to residents of New Zealand.
Fig. 1053. Cordyline australis-C. indivisa of the trade.
aa. Foliage of petioled leaves B. Leaves oblanceolate; petioles broad.
Slender, 10-15 ft. high: leaves contiguous, ascending, 12-15 in. long, 18-21 fines wide above the middle, thick, dull green both sides, distinctly costate; veins oblique; petiole broad, deeply grooved, 4-6 in. long: panicle lateral, nodding; pedicels very short; bracteoles small, deltoid; perianth lilac, 4 1/2-5 fines long, inner segments longer than the outer; ovules 6-8. Country unknown. - Cool-house, vases. D. Bruantii, Hort., was a garden form of this species. R.H. 1897, pp. 514, 515. G.C. III. 22:285. G.W. 12, p. 230.
bb. Leaves lanceolate; petioles narrow, nearly terete.
Slender and small: leaves contiguous, ascending, oblong-falcate, 4-8 in. long, 2-21/2 in. wide at the middle, acute, base rounded or deltoid, thick, dull green throughout, distinctly costate; veins slender, oblique; petiole 3-4 in. long, deeply channelled: panicle lateral; pedicels 1 1/2-2 fines long; perianth 4-4 1/2 fines long, tinged with lilac; ovules 6-8 in each cell Austral.
Low and slender, 3-8 ft. high: leaves contiguous, ascending, green or rarely colored, 12-30 in. long, 2-5 in. wide, elliptical or elliptic-lanceolate, acute, thickish, distinctly costate; veins frequently unequal, strongly oblique; petiole 4-6 in. long, deeply channelled: pedicels very short or none; bracteoles deltoid, membranous; perianth 5-6 lines long, white, lilac, or reddish, segments short; ovules 6-10 in each cell: berry large, red. E. Indies. A.G. 16:361. B.R. 1749. variety cannaefolia, Baker (D. and C. cannsefolia, Hort.). Leaves oblanceolate, 12-15 in. by 2-2 -2 1/2in- perianth 2 lines long; segments twice the length of tube. variety ferrea, Baker (D. and C.ferrea, Hort.). Leaves narrow, oblanceolate, 2-2 1/2 in. broad, dull purple or variegated; petiole short: flowers much as in the typical form, but redder and often smaller. B.M. 2053. - C. Guilfoylei is a form with leaves tapering both ways, recurved, striped with red, pink or white; white on lower part of If. and margin of petiole.
I.H. 19, p. 249. variety Ti, Baker (D. braziliensis, Schult. C. Eschscholzi-ana, Mart.). Robust: leaves large, mostly oblong, 4-6 in. wide: panicle large, lower branches compound; perianth 6 fines long, lilac; segments as long as the tube. -D. imperialis, Hort., is a form with leaves arching or erect, thick, deep metallic green, rayed all over with bright crimson or pink, handsome. D. regime, Hort., belongs here. The varieties of this species in cultivation are almost innumerable. Names that have been used for those in the American trade, usually considered as horticultural species, though many of these names are now no longer used, are as follows: C. amabilis. Leaves broad, shining deep green, in age becoming spotted and suffused with rose and white. C. amboyensis. Leaves oblong-lanceolate, recurved, deep bronze-green, edged with rose-carmine below; petioles tinged with purple. C. anerliensis. Leaves very broad, deep bronze-red, with some white. C. Baptistii. Fig. 1054. Leaves broad, recurved, deep green, with some pink and yellow stripes: stems also variegated. I.H. 26:334. C. Bausei. Leaves broad, dark green, with some white. C. bella. Leaves small, purplish, marked with red. C. Cantrellii. Leaves dark metallic crimson, young ones bright carmine.
C. Cooperi. Leaves deep wine-red, gracefully recurved: common in cultivation C. Fraseri. Leaves somewhat erect, broad, oblong, abruptly acute, blackish purple with bloom, margin below with a deep rosy lake stripe extending down the petiole. C. Gladstonei. Leaves broad, brilliant crimson. C. hybrida. Leaves broad, variegated, deep green margined with rose, in age deep rose, creamy white in young leaves C. jardiniere (C. terminalis alba x C. Guilfoylei). Leaves very small and compact, narrow, green broadly margined with white. C. metallica. Leaves erect-arching, oblong, when young uniform rich coppery purple, in age dark purple-bronze; petioles same. F.M. 1872:24. C. nigro-rubra. Leaves narrow, linear-lanceolate, dark brown with rosy crimson cen-ters, young often entirely rose. C. norwoodiensis. Leaves striped with yellow, green and crimson, last color principally confined to the margin; petioles brilliant. C. Robinsoniana. Leaves long lanceolate-acuminate, arched, light green, striped with bronze-green and brownish crimson. I.H. 26:342. C. Schuldii. Leaves broad, variegated. F.E. 7:961. C. Scottii. Leaves broad, arching, deep green, crimson edged; said to be a hybrid.
C. Youngii. Leaves broad, spreading, when young bright green streaked with deep red and tinged with rose, in age bright bronze. C. Youngii variety rosea, Hort. Green, tinged with pink, white or carmine. C. Youngii variety alba, Hort. Variegated with white instead of red. Crosses with C. Scottii are known as C. stricta, C. albo-lineala, Mrs. George Pullman, Mrs. Terry; with C. norwoodiensis, as Little Gem.
Fig. 1054. Cordyline terminalis variety Baptistii.
C. angusta, Hort. (C. terminalis variety). Leaves narrow, arching, dull dark green above, purplish beneath. A slender form. - C. angusti-fdlia, Kunth=C. stricta. - C. aurantiaca, Hort.= (?). - C. Bal-moreana, Hort. Leaves bronzy with white and pinkish stripes. - C. B&nksii, Hook. Leaves very long, linear-lanceolate, 3-5 ft. long, 2-3 in. wide, petioled, green, glaucous beneath; veins conspicuous. G.C. III. 18:613. - C. Berheleyi, Hort.=(?). - C. Cassanovae, Hort. = (?). - C. Chelsonii, Hort. (form of C. terminalis). Leaves large, glossy dark green, almost black, becoming suffused and edged with crimson. I.H. 19, p. 90. - C. compacta, Hort. (C. terminalis form). Leaves recurved, broad, dull green, with bronze and rose stripes in age. - C. Dennisonii, Hort. (C. terminalis form). Dwarf: leaves broad, bronzy purple. - C. Elizabethiae, Hort.= (?). - C. excelsa, Hort. (C. terminalis form). Leaves broad, arching, bronzy, margined with crimson. - C. Frederica.=(?). - C. frutescens=(?). - C. gloriosa Hort. (C. terminalis form). Leaves very large and broad, green, with a peculiar bronze-orange hue. - C. helychioides, F. Muell.=C. terminalis. - C. heliconiaefolia.
Otto & Diet.=C. terminalis. - C. Hendersonii,Hort.= (?). - C. magnifica, Hort. (C. terminalis form). Leaves large and broad, bronzy pink, becoming darker. - C. Manners-Suttonise, F. Muell.=C. terminalis. - C. Mayi, Hort. Leaves green, margined with red; young leaves wholly red. - C. porphyrophylla, Hort. (C. terminalis form). Leaves deep bronzy purple, glaucous beneath. - C. Rex, Hort. (C. terminalis form). Leaves medium width, bronzy green, flushed purple and streaked with carmine. - C. rosacea, Hort. (C. terminalis form). Leaves recurved, broad, dark bronzy green margined with pink. - C. Rumphii=D. Hookeriana. -C. Salmdnea=(?). - C. sepiaria, Seem.=C. terminalis-C Sieberi, Kunth=C. terminalis. - C. splendens, Hort. (C. terminalis form). Leaves dense, short, ovate-acute, bronzy green, shaded with rose-carmine. - C. zeelandica, Hort.=C. rubra.
K. M. Wlegand.