This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(C. tatarica, Mill.). Shrub, to 10 ft., with usually erect stem and bright blood-red branches, mostly with glaucous bloom when young: leaves obtuse at the base, ovate or elliptic, somewhat bullate or rugose above, acute, 1 1/2- 3 1/2 in. long: cymes dense, small; disk yellow: fruit ovoid, bluish white, sometimes whitish; stone usually higher than broad, flat. Siberia, N. China. variety argenteo-marginata, Rehd. (C. alba variety elegantissima variegdta, Hort.). Leaves edged white. variety Spaethii, Spaeth. Leaves broadly edged yellow. Gn. 64, p. 378; 69, p. 343. variety Gouchaultii, Rehd. (C. sibirica Gouchaultii, Carr.). Leaves variegated with yellowish white and pink. variety sibirica, Lodd. Branches bright coral-red. C.L.A. 21, No. 4:29. G.M. 54:249. variety Kesselringii, Rehd. (C. sibirica variety Kessehingii, Wolf). Branches very dark purple, nearly purplish black. There are also some other varieties with variegated leaves
Fig. 1064. Cornus stolonifera.
gg. Under side of leaves with woolly hairs.
Fig. 1065. Erect shrub, with reddish branches: leaves ovate to lanceolate, acute or acuminate, white beneath, with woolly and with appressed hairs, 2-5 in. long: flowers in small rather compact woolly cymes: stone of the white fruit much broader than high, compressed and flat-topped. Pa. to Minn, and Wyo. G.F.3:465 (adapted in Fig. 1065). - A very handsome species of upright growth, with dark red branches, blooming nearly all summer, and of a distinct grayish hue due to the slightly upward curled leaves The fall color of foliage and winter color of twigs are unequaled. Well adapted for sandy soil. Early observed on dunes, S. Haven, Mich., but brought to the attention of systematists from specimens collected in extreme N. E. Minn, in 1886.
Fig. 1065. Cornus Baileyi. (Spray X 1/3)
Shrub, 8-15 ft.: branches reddish brown: leaves slender-petioled, elliptic to ovate, acuminate, rough above, pale and woolly-pubescent beneath, 1-4 in. long: cymes rather loose, rough-pubescent: fruit globose, white; stone nearly globose, slightly furrowed. Ont. to Fla., west to Texas. G.F. 10:105.
FF. Color of fruit blue or bluish, sometimes partly white or greenish white.
G. Leaves densely woolly-pubescent beneath.
(C. circinata, L'Her.). Shrub, 3-10 ft.: the young branches green, blotched purple, older ones purplish: leaves orbicular or broadly ovate, acute or short-acuminate, slightly pubescent above, pale and densely pubescent beneath, 2-6 in. long: cymes rather dense: fruit light blue or greenish white. May, June. Em. 464. Wang. 61. - Bark has medicinal properties.
gg. Leaves pubescent only on the veins or nearly glabrous beneath.
(C. sericea, Linn. C. coerulea, Lam.). Shrub, 3-10 ft., with purple branches: leaves usually rounded at the base, elliptic-ovate or elliptic, dark green and nearly glabrous above, pale green beneath, usually with brownish hairs on the veins, 2-4 in. long: cyme compact: fruit blue or sometimes partly white. June, July. Mass. to Ga., west to N. Y. and Tenn. Em. 466. - Bark has medicinal properties. variety variegata, Hort. Leaves variegated with yellowish white.
(C. Purpusii, Koehne). Shrub, similar to the preceding, usually broader and more loosely branched: branches purple to yellowish red: leaves usually narrowed at the base, elliptic-ovate to oblong, dark green and glabrous above, glaucous beneath, on the veins usually with whitish or brownish hairs, 2 - 3 1/2 in. long: cyme compact: fruit blue or partly white. May, June in the S., July in the N. Que. to Minn, and Kans. south to Pa., 111. and Mo. S.T.S. 1:39. R.H. 1888:444 (as C. stolonifera).
ee. The flowers in broad panicles: fruit white or pale blue.
(C. candidissima, Marsh., not Mill. C. paniculdta, L'Her. C. oblongata, Hort.). Shrub 6-15 ft., with gray branches: leaves cuneate, ovate-lanceolate or lanceolate, acuminate, appressed-pubescent or nearly smooth, whitish beneath, 1 1/2 - 4 in. long: petals white, lanceolate:'fruit white. May, June. Maine to N. C, west to Minn., and Neb. Wang. 58 (as C. femina). - Free-flowering; very handsome when in bloom, and with its white fruits on red peduncles in fall.
(C. stricta, Lam. C. fastigiata, Michx.). Shrub, to 15 ft., with purplish branches: leaves ovate or ovate-lanceolate, sparingly and minutely appressed-pubescent, green on both sides, 1 1/2 - 3 in. long: petals white, ovate-lanceolate: fruit pale blue. April, May. Va. to Ga. and Fla. - Tender N. Closely allied to the former, and perhaps only variety.
dd. fruit black (green in a variety of No. 16). E. Flowers in broad panicles.
(C. ignorata, Shiras. C. macrophylla, Hemsl., not Wall. C. Thelycanis, Lebas. C. Theleryana, Hort.). Shrub or small tree: branches yellowish or reddish brown: leaves slender-petioled, elliptic-ovate to elliptic-oblong, abruptly acuminate, rounded or broadly cuneate at the base, dark green above and nearly glabrous, glaucous beneath and sparingly appressed hairy, with 6-8 pairs of veins, 2 1/2 - 6 in. long: panicle rather loose, 3-6 in. across; style below the stigma abruptly enlarged into a disk: fruit bluish black. Aug. Japan, Cent.China. S.T.S. 1:41. S.I.F. 1:77. R.H. 1875, p. 395. F. 1876, p. 123. - One of the handsomest dogwoods on account of its large leaves and large panicles of white flowers; not quite hardy N.
Tree, to 40 ft.: branches brownish: leaves elliptic, narrowed at the base, acuminate, above sparingly, beneath more densely appressed-pubescent, green or glaucescent beneath, with 3 - 4 pairs of veins, 2 - 4 in. long: panicle 2 1/2 - 4 in. across; style cylindric, scarcely enlarged below the stigma: fruit bluish black. Cent. China. Wang. 66. - Very handsome, similar to the preceding, but hardier. Page 3567.
ee. Flowers in umbel-like cymes: leaves green beneath. f. Leaves with appressed hairs beneath.