This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(from Cortadero, the native name in Argentina). Gramineae. Pampas-Grass. Large reed-like perennials with numerous long, narrow blades and a large striking plume-like inflorescence. Species six, South America. See Gynerium.
Stapf (Gynerium argenteum, Nees). Pampas-Grass. Culms numerous, in large thick tussocks, 3-6 ft. high, excluding the panicle: leaves mostly basal, the upper sheaths gradually elongated; blades firm, long and slender, very scabrous on the margins, 1/8 - 1/4 in. wide, tapering to a slender point: panicle large, compact, 1-3 ft., silvery white or in cult, varieties tinged with purple, dioecious; spikelets 2-3-flowered, the pistillate silky with long hairs, the staminate naked; glumes white and papery, long and slender; lemmas bearing a long slender awn. AG. 14:323. G. 1:412. G.C. III. 40:295; 43:195. Gn. 62, p. 346; 66, p. 375. G.W. 3:415. Gn.W. 5:85; 23:20. J.H. III. 35:483; 49:27. R.H. 1862, p. 150. V. 3:369, 391. S. Brazil and Argentina. C. Ldmbleyi foliis variegdtis, Hort. G.C. III. 25:335, appears to be a form of C. argentea.
Quila, Stapf (Gynerium Quila, Nees. G. jubatum, Lem. G. arcudto-nebulosum, Hort.). Differs from pampas-grass in the rather laxer, more graceful plume, with longer, more flexuous, nodding branches, somewhat smaller spikelets, and more delicate glumes, and in the longer, very slender staminodes of the pistillate flowers: plume lavender-colored, 1-2 ft. long, the spikelets 3-5-flowered B.M. 7607. G.C. III. 26:102. Gn. 15, p. 179; 55, p. 93. R.H. 1885, p. 200; 1899:52, 53. - Grows in a dense tuft; perennial, but with biennial culms; the plant has been killed by a temperature of 3° F. Intro, by Lemoine, of Nancy, France. Probable synonyms are Gynerium roseum Rendlateri and G. argenteum carminatum Rend-lateri. F.S. 20:2075. Not so well known as C. argentea.
A. S. Hitchcock.