This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
(Greek for summit or top,-where the leaves grow). Palmaceae, tribe Corypheae. Tall fan-leaved palms with a spineless stout trunk.
Leaves terminal, large, orbicular, flabellately divided to the middle into numerous linear-lanceolate segments; segments induplicate in the bud; rachis none; ligule small; petiole long, stout, concave above, spiny on the margins; sheaths split: spadix solitary, erect, paniculately much branched; spathes many, tubular, sheathing the peduncle and branches; flowers green, the plant dying after once flowering and fruiting: fruits as large as a cherry, with a fleshy pericarp. - Species 6,
tropical Asia and Malay Archipelago. G.C.
II. 24:362. These fan-palms are cultivated the same as Chamaerops and Livistona. They are warmhouse plants, prop, by seeds.
Large fans, umbrellas and tents are made of the talipot palm by the natives of
Ceylon. Coryphas are but little grown commercially, the growth of young plants being slow. Good loam well enriched with stable manure, a night temperature of 65° and abundant moisture, are the chief requisites in their cultivation, with a moderately shaded house during the summer.
Roxbg. (C. Gebanga, Blume). Fig. 1076. Trunk straight, 60-70 ft. high, 2 ft. diam., spirally ridged: leaves lunate, 8-10 ft. diam.; segments 80-100, separated nearly to the middle, ensiform, obtuse or bifid; petioles 6-12 ft., with black margins and curved spines: spadix about one-fourth the length of the trunk, but narrow. Bengal and Burma.
Fig. 1076. Corypha elata, having spent itself in blooming.
Linn. Talipot Palm. Trunk ringed, 60-80 ft.: leaves sub-lunate, 6 ft. long by 13 ft. wide, palmately pinnatifid, folded lengthwise above the middle; segments obtusely bifid; petiole 7 ft., the spines along its margins often in pairs: spadix sometimes 20 ft. long, with spreading branches. Malabar coast and Ceylon. A.F. 12:313. Gng. 5: 213. - Leaves used as a substitute for paper.
C. australis, R. Br.=Livistona. - C. macrophylla, Hort.= (?). - C. minor, Jacq.=Sabal. - C. Woganii, Hort., is a dwarf round-lvd. plant. A.G. 15:307. N. Taylor.†