8. Tomentosa, Lindl

Shrub, to 6 ft.: leaves broadly oval, obtuse, dull green above and pubescent when young, whitish tomentose beneath, 1-2 1/2 in. long: flowers 3-12, white, calyx tomentose outside: fruit bright brick-red. June; fruit Sept., Oct. Eu., W. Asia. H.W. 3, p. 73, figs. k-o. G.O.H. 105. - Sometimes cultivated as C. speciosa, Hort.

dd. Leaves about 1 in. or less long, slightly ■pubescent above.

E. Apex of leaves mostly obtuse, base rounded.

9. Zabelii, Schneid

Shrub, to 6 ft. with slender spreading branches: leaves oval to ovate, dull green and loosely pubescent above, grayish or yellowish tomentose below, on young plants sometimes more glabrescent and acutish, 3/4- l 1/4 in. long: flowers 5-9 in loose corymbs, pinkish; calyx villous outside, with obtuse teeth: fruit ovoid, red, about 1/3in. long, with 2 stones. May; fruit in Sept., Oct. Cent. China.

ee. Apex of leaves mostly acute, base often cuneate.

10. Dielsiana, Pritz

(C. applanata, Duthie). Shrub, to 6 ft. with slender spreading and arching branches: leaves deciduous, firm, ovate or elliptic, acutish, rounded or broadly cuneate at base, yellowish gray tomentose beneath, 1/2-1 in. long: flowers few, short-stalked; calyx pubescent: fruit 1-3, subglobose, 1/4in. across, red, with 3-4 stones. June; fruit Sept., Oct. Cent. China. variety major, Rehd. & Wilson. Leaves larger and broader: fruit larger. variety elegans, Rehd. & Wilson. Leaves smaller, sub-persistent, finally nearly glabrous and somewhat shining above: fruit pendulous, coral-red. W. China.

11. Franchetii, Bois

Upright densely branched shrub with spreading branches: leaves thickish, elliptic or ovate, acute or acuminate, usually cuneate at base, yellowish white tomentose beneath, 3/4- 1 1/2 in. long: flowers 6-15, in short and dense corymbs, pinkish, small; calyx pubescent outside, with acute teeth: fruit orange-red, ovoid, over 1/3in. long, with usually 3 stones. June; fruit Sept., Oct. W. China. R.H. 1902, p. 379; 1907:256. V.F. 118.

c. Leaves acute or acuminate, pubescent or nearly glabrous beneath.

D. Upper surface of leaves glabrous and somewhat lustrous: calyx slightly pubescent or glabrous.

12. Lucida, Schlecht

(C. acutifolia, Lindl. C. sinensis, Hort.). Upright, rather dense shrub, to 12 ft.: leaves elliptic or elliptic-ovate, acute, usually cuneate at the base, slightly pubescent beneath, 1-1 1/2 in- long: flowers 3-6, in nodding corymbs: fruit purplish black, subglobose, with 3-4 stones. May, June; fruit Sept. Altai Mts. G.W. 5, p. 247 (as C. acutifolia). - Foliage dark green, remaining green until very late in autumn.

dd. Upper surface of leaves pubescent, at least when young, dull green: calyx pubescent.

13. Acutifolia, Turcz

(C.pekinensis, Zabel. C. acutifolia variety pekinensis, Koehne). Shrub, to 12 ft., with spreading slender branches: leaves elliptic-ovate to oblong-ovate, acute or acuminate, usually rounded at base, slightly appressed-pilose beneath, becoming nearly glabrous, 1 1/2-2 in. long: flowers 2-5, nodding: fruit ovoid, black, to 1/2in. long, with usually 2 stones. May, June; fruit Sept., Oct. N. China. variety villosula, Rehd. & Wilson. Leaves more densely villous beneath, somewhat larger: calyx densely villous: fruit thinly pubescent. Cent. and W. China.

14. Foveolata, Rehd. & Wilson

Shrub, to 10 ft. with spreading branches: leaves elliptic to elliptic-ovate, rarely ovate-oblong, acute or acuminate, soon glabrous above, pubescent beneath, chiefly on the veins, finally nearly glabrous, 2-3 in. long: flowers 3-6, pinkish; calyx pubescent: fruit black, subglobose, 1/3in. across, with 3-4 stones. June; fruit Sept. Cent. China. - The foliage turns bright scarlet and orange in autumn.

CC. Leaves obtuse or acutish, tomentose beneath.

15. Melanocarpa, Lodd

(C. nigra, Wahlb.). Shrub with spreading branches, to 6 ft.: leaves oval or ovate, usually rounded at base, dark green and sparingly pubescent above, grayish white tomentose beneath, 1-3 in. long: flowers 3-8; calyx glabrous: fruit black, globose, with 2-3 stones. May, June: fruit Aug. N. and E. Eu. to Siberia. L.B.C. 16:1531. variety laxiflora, Koehne (C. laxiflora, Jacq.). Corymbs 12- to many-flowered, elongated, pendulous. B.R. 14:1305. variety commixta, Schneid. (C. laxiflora, Hook.). Leaves acutish, 2 in. long: corymbs 8-15-flowered B.M. 3519.

aa. Petals spreading, white, roundish: fruit red.

(Chaenopetalum.) B. Flowers in many-flowered corymbs: upright shrubs.

c. Leaves broadly ovate or oval, obtuse or acute, 1/2 - 1 1/2 in. long, deciduous.

D. The leaves glabrous beneath at maturity.

16. Multiflora, Bunge (C. Reflexa, Carr.)

Shrub, to 6 ft., with usually slender, arching branches: leaves broad-ovate, usually acute, slightly tomentose at first beneath, soon becoming glabrous: cymes very numerous, 6-20-flowered; calyx and peduncles glabrous: fruit red, 1/3in. across. May. Spain, W. Asia to Himalayas and China. R.H. 1892, p. 327; 1893, p. 29. G.W. 6, p. 62. M.D. G. 1914:7. - Very decorative in bloom, and hardy, but less free fruiting. variety calocarpa, Rehd. & Wilson. Leaves larger and narrower, slightly hairy below: fruit larger, nearly 1/2in. across, freely produced. W. China.

dd. The leaves tomentose beneath.

17. Hupehensis, Rehd. & Wilson

Fig. 1081. Shrub, to 5 ft., with slender spreading branches, villous while young: leaves ovate to elliptic, obtuse or acutish, mucronu-late, rarely emarginate, above finally glabrous, thinly grayish tomentose beneath, 1/2-l in. long: corymbs very numerous, with 6-12 or more white flowers; peduncle and calyx villous; anthers yellow: fruit red, subglobose, about 1/3in. across, with 2 stones. May. Cent. and W. China. M .D.G. 1914:6 (as C. acutifolia variety). - One of the handsomest species in bloom; hardy as far north as Mass.

Cotoneaster hupehensis. (X 1/3)

Fig. 1081. Cotoneaster hupehensis. (X 1/3) bb. fruit black or nearly black.