This section is from the book "The Standard Cyclopedia Of Horticulture Vol2", by L. H. Bailey. See also: Western Garden Book: More than 8,000 Plants - The Right Plants for Your Climate - Tips from Western Garden Experts.
Shrub, to 4 ft., with erect or spreading branches, rarely prostrate: leaves roundish or broad-ovate, obtuse or acute, whitish or grayish tomentose beneath, glabrous above: cymes very short-peduncled, 3-12-flowered; peduncle and calyx tomentose: fruit red. May, June. From N. Africa and W. Asia to Himalayas and Turkestan. R.H. 1867:31. - Very decorative and hardy. variety soongarica, Schneid. Leaves oval, usually obtusish, less pubescent. variety microcarpa, Rehd. & Wilson. Similar to the preceding, but fruit ovoid, smaller. variety orbicularis, Wenz. (C Wheeleri, Hort.). Low and divaricate: leaves roundish or obovate, 1/2- 3/4in. long: cymes 3-6-flowered
cc. Leaves elliptic to oblong, acute at both ends, subcoriaceous.
d. Length of leaves 1/2-1 1/2 in.: corymbs 1 in. across or less.
Half-evergreen shrub, to 6 ft.: leaves elliptic- to ovate-oblong, mucronate at the apex, glabrous above, densely grayish white-tomentose beneath: calyx tomentose: fruit red, globose-ovoid, 1/3in-long with 2 stones. S. W. China. R.H. 1907:256. G. 25:408. Gn. 67, p. 118. J. 12:120. - Very handsome, but tender.
dd. Length of leaves 1 1/2-4 in.: corymbs 1-2 in. across.
Half-evergreen shrub, to 15 ft.: young branchlets floccose-tomentose: leaves elliptic-oblong to ovate-lanceolate,, acute or acuminate, rugose and glabrous above, floccose-tomentose beneath, 1 1/2 - 3 in. long: flowers white in dense corymbs 1-2 in. across: fruit subglobose, bright red, 1/4in. across, with 2-3 stones. June; fruit Oct., Nov. W. China. variety rugosa, Rehd. & Wilson (C. rugosa, Pritz.). Leaves broader and shorter, elliptic-oblong, dull green above, more woolly-tomen-tose beneath: fruit larger, usually with 2 stones. Cent. China. variety floccosa, Rehd. & Wilson. Leaves oblong to oblong-lanceolate, floccose-tomentose beneath while young, later becoming partly glabrous and glaucous, bright green and lustrous above: fruit larger, usually with 3 stones. W. China. - This species is very handsome, particularly in autumn when studded with its clusters of bright red berries. The variety floccosa which has been advertised as variety glaciosa (misspelled for floccosa) seems to be the hardiest and most desirable.
Large half-evergreen shrub, to 20 ft.: leaves oblong, acute at both ends, glabrous above, tomentose beneath when young, 2-4 in. long: cymes long-peduncled, very many-flowered, pubescent: fruit scarlet. April, May. Himalayas. B.R. 15:1229. L.B.C. 16: 1512. - One of the most beautiful in flower and fruit, but not hardy N.
bb. Flowers 1-3: low prostrate or trailing shrubs: leaves persistent. c. Leaves green beneath.
Prostrate shrub with trailing often rooting branches: leaves elliptic, usually cuneate at the base, obtusish and usually mucronulate, glabrous or nearly so, about 1 in. long: flowers usually solitary; calyx sparingly pubescent or nearly glabrous: fruit bright red. May, June; fruit Oct., Nov. Cent. China. variety radicans, Schneid. Leaves often obovate, slender-petioled: flowers 1-2, on peduncles about 1/2in. long.
cc. Leaves glaucous or whitish tomentose beneath.
(C. microphylla Uva-ursi, Lindl. C. prostrata, Baker). Low or prostrate shrub: leaves nearly orbicular or broadly oval, dark green above and somewhat pubescent, loosely pubescent beneath or glabrescent and glaucous, 1/3-1/2in.. long: flowers 1-3, about 1/2in. across: fruit bright red, subglobose, more than 1/3in. across. Himalayas. May, June; fruit Sept. B.R. 14: 1187. variety lanata, Schneid. (C. buxifolia, Baker, not Wall. C. Wheeleri, Hort.) Leaves elliptic to elliptic-oblong, tomentose beneath: fruit 1/3in. across. Refug. Bot. 1:52 (flowers in bud). Gn. 55:186. R.H. 1889, 348, fig. 4.
Low, prostrate shrub, densely branched: leaves cuneate-oblong or obovate, acute, shining above, densely pubescent beneath, 1/3in. long: flowers usually solitary; calyx pubescent: fruit bright red. May, June. Himalayas. B.R. 13:1114. L.B.C. 14:1374. R.H. 1889:348, fig. 3. G.C. II. 12:333; 18:681. Gn. 4, p. 165. variety thymifolia, Koehne (C. thymifblia, Baker). Very dwarf: leaves linear-oblong, smaller: flowers and fruit smaller. R.H. 1889:348, fig. 2. G.C. II. 12:333; 18:681. Refug. Bot. 1:50. variety glacialis, Hook. (C. congesta, Baker). Leaves glabrous beneath, oval: flowers smaller, often pinkish. Refug. Bot. 1:51.
C. affinis, Lindl. Allied to C. frigida. Leaves broad-elliptic: fruit dark brown, globose. Himalayas. L.B.C. 16:1522. - C. ambigua, Rehd. & Wilson. Related to C. acutifolia. Shrub, to 6 ft.: leaves elliptic-ovate to rhombic-ovate, villous beneath: flowers 5-10; calyx slightly pubescent or nearly glabrous: fruit ovoid, black. W. China. - C. amaena, Wilson. Related to C. Franchetii. Dense shrub, to 5 ft.: leaves ovate or elliptic, usually 1/2in. long: corymbs 6-10-flowered; sepals acuminate: fruit globose, orange-red. Yunnan. G.C. III. 51:2. - C. angustifolia, Franch. =Pyracantha angustifolia. - C. apiculata, Rehd. & Wilson. Related to C. Simonsii. Shrub, to 6 ft.: leaves orbicular to roundish ovate, apiculate, bright green and lustrous, nearly glabrous, 1/4 -1/2 in. long: fruit nearly sessile, globose, bright red. W. China. - C. arborescens, Zabel=C. Lindleyi. - C. bacillaris, Wall. Related to C. frigida. Leaves smaller, usually glabrous beneath at length: fruit dark brown. Himalayas. - C. buxifolia, Wall. Related to C. rotundifolia. Leaves elliptic, slightly pubescent above at first, grayish tomentose beneath: flowers 2-4, 1/3in. across: fruit red.
India. Wight, Icon. 3:992. Tender. - C. dislicha, Lange. Related to C. Simonsii. Half-evergreen, upright shrub, to 4 ft.: leaves suborbicular to broadly obovate, apiculate, sparingly pubescent above, nearly glabrous beneath, 1/2in. or less long: flowers 1-2; calyx glabrous or nearly so: fruit scarlet. Himalayas. - C. Harroviana, Wilson. Related to C. salicifolia. Shrub, to 6 ft.: leaves elliptic-oblong, sometimes oval, 1-2 in. long, densely villous beneath: corymbs 1 1/2 in. across. S. W. China. - C. Henryana, Rehd. & Wilson (C. rugosa variety Henryana, Schneid.). Related to C. salicifolia. Shrub, to 12 ft.: leaves thinner, elliptic-oblong to oblong-lanceolate, 2-3 1/2 in. long, and about 1 in. broad, pubescent and only slightly pubescent above, densely grayish pubescent beneath: corymbs many-flowered, about 2 in. across; calyx pubes-scent: fruit red, ovoid, 1/4in. across, with 2-3 stones. Cent. China. G. C. III. 46:339 (not good). M.D.G. 1914:15. - C. ignava. Wolf. Related to C. melanocarpa. Shrub, to 5 ft.: leaves ovate or oval, greenish white beneath, pubescent, 1-2 in. long: flowers 8-13, pinkish; calyx pubescent at the base: fruit dark reddish brown, nearly black.
E. Turkestan. Yearb. For. Inst., Petersburg, 15:240. - C. Lindleyi, Steud. (C. arborescens, Zabel). Similar to C. racemiflora but fruit black. Himalayas. - C. moupinensis, Franch. Related to C. foveo-lata. Shrub, to 15 ft.: leaves elliptic to ovate-oblong, thicker, rugose above, pubescent beneath, at least on the veins, 2-5 in. long: corymbs many-flowered; flowers white or pinkish; calyx sparingly pubescent: fruit black, with 4-5 stones. W. China. - C. nitens, Rehd. & Wilson. Related to C. divaricata. Leaves broadly oval or roundish ovate, glabrous and lustrous above, 1/3- 1/2in. long: fruit ovoid, purplish black, stalked, pendulous. W. China. - C. obscura, Rehd. & Wilson. Related to C. acuminata. Shrub, to 10 ft.: leaves elliptic-ovate, finally glabrous above, yellowish gray-tomentose beneath, 1-2 in. long: fruit dull brownish red, ovoid, 1/3in. long, usually with 3 stones. W. China. - C. Pyracantha, Spach=Pyracantha coccinea. - C. rd8ea, Edgew. Related to C. integerrima. Shrub, with slender upright branches: leaves elliptic to ovate-oblong, nearly glabrous, grayish green beneath, 1-1 1/2 in. long: flowers 4-9, pinkish with slightly-spreading petals: fruit subglobose, dull red. Himalayas. - -C. Sil-vistrii, Pampanini. Allied to C. integerrima.
Leaves elliptic-ovate, densely hairy and cream-colored beneath, 1-2 in. long: calyx pubescent outside: fruit orange-colored. Cent. China. - C. uniflora, Bunge. Allied to P. vulgaris. Leaves oval to oval-oblong, glabrous when older: flowers solitary: fruit red. Altai Mts.