2. Barbeyi, Schweinf

Whole plant hoary-white, tall and branching: leaves thick, fleshy, shovel-shaped: flowers olive-green and red, 1 in. long, in a close panicle. Blooms freely in spring and summer. Abyssinia. Gt. 45, p. 465. - An exquisite plant for carpet-bedding.

bb. Leaves variously scattered along the stem, or sometimes in rosettes or clusters at the ends of the branches: mostly branching plants, grown in greenhouses, window-gardens, and sometimes used in summer bedding-out but not in carpet-bedding designs.

c. Flowers white or ochroleucus.

3. Reticulata, Thunb

stems much branched, fleshy: leaves few at the ends of the branches cylindrical, acute, erect, fleshy, soft, smooth, 1/3in. or less long: flowers 1/2in. or less long, whitish, in an erect, dichotomous panicle. Cape. G.C. III. 21:282 -The wiry flower-stalks remain on the plant and give it the appearance of being inclosed in a network. Odd.

4. chrysantha, Hort. (Umbilicus chrysanthus, Boiss.). Plant pubescent, glandular above, the stem short: leaves rosulate, short, oblong-spatu-late, obtuse, those on the stem elliptic and somewhat acute: flowers large, ochroleucous (milk-white or yellowish), red-striped on the back of the oblong-lanceolate keeled lobes or parts of the corolla. Perennial. Asia Minor.

cc. Flowers yellow or greenish.

5. Umbilicus, Linn

(Umbilicus pendulinus, DC). Pennywort. Navelwort. Perennial, 6-12 in. high in flower, simple or slightly branched, leafy at base: radical and lower leaves fleshy, orbicular, crenate, more or less peltate: flowers yellowish green, pendulous, in a raceme; calyx very small; corolla cylindrical, 1/4in. long but somewhat enlarging, with 5 short teeth. - On rocks and walls, W. Eu. Adaptable in rock-gardens.

ccc. Flowers red or purple.

6. Fascicularis, Soland

Smooth, 1-2 ft. high, thick-stemmed, branched: leaves pale greenish white with a yellowish margin, glaucous, few, sessile, cuneate-obo-vate, thick, flattened, slightly concave, cuspidate: panicle branches long, scorpioid; flowers large, 1 in. long, pendent; calyx-lobes short, broadly ovate-acute; corolla-tube much longer than the calyx, with a greenish tube and reddish revolute limb. S. Africa B.M. 5602. J.H.III. 29:443.

7. Sempervivum, Bieb

(Umbilicus Sempervivum, DC). Houseleek Cotyledon. Plant green, glandular: radical leaves spatulate, obtuse, attenuate-cuneate at base, the margin denticulate; stem - leaves oblong: flowers purplish and papillose on the outside, on secund branches in a corymbose panicle; corolla thrice longer than calyx, parted to the middle, the parts lanceolate-acuminate and somewhat recurved. Perennial. - Not to be confounded with Sempervivum tectorum.

8. Orbiculata, Linn

Erect, 2-4 ft. high: leaves opposite, flat, obovate-spatulate,. obtuse, mucronate, glaucous and mealy, with red margins: flowers large, reddish, panicled. Flowers June-Sept. S. Africa B.M. 321. R.H.

1857, p. 347. - Grows well from cuttings. Variable, and has several named forms as variety elata, oblonga, ramosa, rotundifolia.

9. Hispanica, Linn

(Pistorinia hispdnica, DC.). Annual or biennial, branched, 6 in. high, erect: leaves small, nearly cylindrical, oblong, few, sessile: flowers erect, in cymes, reddish; corolla trumpet-shaped, lobes spreading. Spain, Morocco. R.H. 1895, p. 472.

aa. Plants of the New World: corolla-tube usually short, perhaps always shorter than the calyx.

B. Leaves terete. (Stylophyllum.)

10. Edulis, Brewer

(Sedum edule, Nutt. Stylophyllum edule, Brit. & Rose). stems cespitose, very short and thick: leaves cylindrical, 3-4 in. long, erect, whitish or glaucous green, not mealy: flowers white, tinged with green, resembling those of Sedum, 1/2in. diam., short-pedicelled, along the upper sides of the flexuous branches of the cymose panicle; scape 1 ft. high. San Diego, Calif. - Young leaves eaten by Indians.

bb. Leaves linear or nearly so.

11. Mexicana, Hemsl

Plant glabrous, 3-4 in. high, erect, the branches woody: leaves few, alternate, crowded on sterile shoots, somewhat fleshy, linear or linear-spatulate, obtuse, 1/4-1/3in- long: flowersfew short-pedicelled, cymose; sepals free, linear, obtuse; petals plane and strongly coherent, forming a tube, 1/3in.; or less long, the lobes ovate, acute, erect. S. Mex. - One of the dozen known species of Altamiranoa (see p. 267, Vol. I), in that genus becoming A. mexicana, Rose.

c. Calyx minute. (Urbinia.)

12. Agavoides, Baker (Echeveria Agavoides, Lem. Urbinia Agavoides, Brit. & Rose)

Small and compact: leaves densely rosulate, stiff, acuminate and very sharp-pointed, pale gray-green on both sides, papillose: flowers 4-6, orange, on long pedicels; sepals several times shorter than the corolla. Mex. - Useful for carpet-beddings.

cc. Calyx evident or prominent.

D. Petals always appendaged at insertion of stamens. (Pachyphytum.)

13. Pachyphytum, Baker (Pachyphytum Bracteo-Sum, Klotzsch)

Silver-Bract. Somewhat shrubby, very succulent, pale glaucous blue throughout: leaves clothing upper part of stem, more or less rosulate, large and thick, spreading, obovate, obtuse or obtuse-pointed, the scars from the fallen leaves orbicular: flowers in spikes 4-6 in. long on lateral peduncles; corolla red, immersed in the large calyx which is about 1 in. long; stamens 5 large and 5 small. Mex. B.M. 4951. - A singular plant, blooming in summer. 1 ft.

dd. Petals not appendaged.

E. Corolla strongly 5-angled. (Echeveria.) f. Color of plant (or of leaves) dark purple.

14. Atropurpurea, Baker (Echeveria Sanguinea, Morr.)

stem short and stout: leaves in rosette at top of stem, dark purple and glaucous, obovate-spatulate: flowers bright red, in a long raceme terminating the erect stem; corolla 5-angled, white toward base. Mex. See p. 1086.

ff. Color green, or ordinarily glaucous (except variety of No. 19).

G. stem wanting or nearly so (acaulescent species).

15." Peacockii, Baker (Echeveria Peacockii, Crouch.)

Acaulescent: leaves about 50 in a dense rosette 6 in. across and standing 4 in. high, obovate-spatulate, mucronate, reddish toward tip, glaucous: stem 12-24 in., with small If. - like bracts: flowers bright red, in a scirpioid spike; calyx-lobes linear, unequal; corolla about 1/2in. long, the parts lanceolate-acute. Mex. (?)-Interesting for its glaucous coloring and waxy coating of the leaves Named for Mr. Peacock, of Hammersmith, England, in whose collection it flowered. See p. 1086.