Cratae-Mespilus

: Crataegus grandiflora.

Crithmum

(Greek for barley, from some resemblance in the seed). Umbelliferae. Samphire. A single species, C. maritimum, Linn., on shores in Great Britain, W. Continental Eu., and the Medit. region, rarely planted in wild gardens or borders. It is a fleshy glabrous perennial herb, seldom more than 1 ft. high, somewhat woody at the base: leaves 2-3-ternate, the segments thick and linear: umbels compound, of 15-20 rays, involucrate, the umbellules with involucels; petals very minute, entire, fugacious: fruit ovoid, not compressed, about 1/4in. long. Thrives well in a sunny situation, and will grow at considerable distance from the sea. Prop, by division, and by seeds sown as soon as ripe.

Crossosoma

(Greek, referring to a fringe-like body on the seeds). Ranunculaceae; by Bentham & Hooker referred to Dilleniaceae, and by Engler made the type of the family Crossosomataceae. Four much-branched woody plants of Mex., Ariz, and S. Calif.: very glabrous, with grayish bark and whitish wood: leaves oblong or narrower, entire, alternate, nearly or quite sessile, some of them fascicled: flowers mostly white, solitary and short-stalked at the ends of the branchlets. C. californicum, Nutt., has been mentioned in gardening literature abroad: 3-15 ft. high: leaves 1-3 in. long, not much fascicled: flowers large, with nearly orbicular white petals more than 1/2in. long, the anthers long-oblong: follicles 3/4in. or more long, many-seeded. Isl. of Santa Catalina. C. Bigelovii, Wats., is lower, the leaves mostly fascicled and flowers only half as large, the petals white or purplish. Ariz, to S. E. Calif.

Crowfoot

: Ranunculus.

Crown Imperial

: Fritillaria Imperialis.

Cryptanthe

(Greek, for hidden flower). Bor-raginacese. Nievitas. This genus includes many species referred by some writers to Eritrichium and Kry-nitzkia, but probably none of them is in cultivation They are mostly annuals, with white flowers, which are usually sessile: calyx 5-parted to the base, as long as the corolla-tube; segments more or less hispid or with hooked bristles, in fruit closely embracing the nutlets, eventually deciduous: nutlets 4, sometimes 3, 2 or 1, smooth, papillate, or muriculate, never rugose. - Over 60 species, in Pacific N. Amer., southward, into N. Mex. and Chile. C. glomerata, Lehm. (Krynitzkia glomerata, Gray), is a coarse biennial, 1-3 ft. high: leaves spatulate or linear-spatulate. Plains, along eastern base of Rocky Mts. C. barbigera, Greene (K. barbigera, Gray. Eritrichium barbi-gerum, Gray). Nine to 12 in. high: leaves linear. S. Calif.

Cryptolepis

(Greek, hidden scale). Asclepiadd-ceae. Shrubs, erect or twining, of tropical Asia and Africa Leaves opposite: flowers in a loosely forking, few-flowered cyme; calyx deeply 5-parted, with 5 scales at base; corolla with spreading lirnb, the tube short-cylindrical or cam-panulate, the lobes 5 and linear, spreading or deflexed and twisted; corona of 5 scales attached at or near the middle of the tube: follicles terete and smooth, spreading. - Species 20. Cult, only in S. Calif, and S. Fla. C. Buchananii, Roem. & Schult. A twining shrub with yellow flowers, resembling those of an echites: leaves 3-6 in. long, leathery, shining above: cymes very short-stalked, paniculate. India. C. longiflora, Regel. Dwarf and compact growing, with long leaves tinted with red; tubular white flowers, as in Bouvardia jasminiflora. Native country unknown.